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A global map of terrestrial habitat types

Martin Jung; Prabhat Raj Dahal; Stuart H. M. Butchart; Paul F. Donald; Xavier De Lamo; Myroslava Lesiv; Valerie Kapos; Carlo Rondinini; Piero Visconti

We provide a global spatially explicit characterization of 47 (version 001) terrestrial habitat types, as defined in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) habitat classification scheme, which is widely used in ecological analyses, including for assessing species’ Area of Habitat. We produced this novel habitat map by creating a global decision tree that intersects the best currently available global data on land cover, climate and land use. The maps broaden our understanding of habitats globally, assist in constructing area of habitat (AOH) refinements and are relevant for broad-scale ecological studies and future IUCN Red List assessments. We hope that these data and outlined framework will spur further development of biodiversity-relevant habitat maps at global scales. An interactive interface helping to navigate the map can be found at on the Naturemap website ( https://explorer.naturemap.earth/map).

Provided is the code to recreate the map (to made available soon), the global composite image at native -100m Copernicus resolution for level 1 and level 2 and layers of aggregated fractional cover (unit: fraction * 1000) at 1km for level 1 and level 2.

Citation:

Please cite the published paper and state the used version of the habitat map

Jung, M., Dahal, P.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Donald, P.F., De Lamo, X., Lesiv, M., Kapos, V., Rondinini, C., Visconti, P., (2020). A global map of terrestrial habitat types. Sci. Data 7, 256. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-00599-8

The GEE code to recreate the map will be made available upon publication at (https://github.com/Martin-Jung/Habitatmapping) and will be directly included in future uploads of the map. Asset data used in GEE are directly available from the original sources (see methods), or in the case of the Forest Management layer can be shared upon reasonable request. Users are advised to check the data repository for newer versions of both code and map, as we consider this product a "living map" that can be improved in the future pending better data availability. We plan further updates as Copernicus land cover data becomes available up to 2019 and we also plan to create variants that rely on the potential distribution of land cover ( https://zenodo.org/record/3631254 ) and biomes (https://zenodo.org/record/3526620). We would like to thank the NatureMap project (naturemap.earth) for providing funding and Google for open access to the computational infrastructure that enabled the production of this map. This project has benefited from funding through the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 766417.
Files (5.2 GB)
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iucn_habitatclassification_code_ver003.zip
md5:36a66921297d3cee76b9ec60a08cc046
350.4 kB Download
iucn_habitatclassification_composite_lvl1_ver003.zip
md5:e282ae92dc99d02ea1a053f6fb4a9cd6
1.8 GB Download
iucn_habitatclassification_composite_lvl2_ver003.zip
md5:de3c3b9e92f7bce0c872b19fa0e5df57
2.3 GB Download
lvl1_frac_1km_ver003.zip
md5:38fa18f347d2e177cafbca09fb9481f1
474.9 MB Download
lvl2_frac_1km_ver003.zip
md5:5eee4469b91462415ddee65aa4261585
605.2 MB Download
  • https://earthengine.google.com/

  • https://naturemap.earth/

  • https://unbiodiversitylab.org/

  • https://www.iucnredlist.org/resources/habitat-classification-scheme

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