Journal article Open Access

Insights into image contrast from dislocations in ADF-STEM

Oveisi, E; Spadaro, M.C.; Rotunno, Enzo; Grillo, Vincenzo; Hébert, C

Competitive mechanisms contribute to image contrast from dislocations in annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (ADF-STEM). A clear theoretical understanding of the mechanisms underlying the ADF-STEM contrast is therefore essential for correct interpretation of dislocation images. This paper reports on a systematic study of the ADF-STEM contrast from dislocations in a GaN specimen, both experimentally and computationally. Systematic experimental ADF-STEM images of the edge-character dislocations reveal a number of characteristic contrast features that are shown to depend on both the angular detection range and specific position of the dislocation in the sample. A theoretical model based on electron channelling and Bloch-wave scattering theories, supported by numerical simulations based on Grillo's strain-channelling equation, is proposed to elucidate the physical origin of such complex contrast phenomena.

The research supporting the results shown in this paper have received additional fundings from the Swiss National Science Foundation (project no.200020-143217).
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