Journal article Open Access

Osteoporosis, a Bigger Threat for Upcoming Generations in Saudi Arabia

Waleed Mohammad Awwad; Rohail Mumtaz; Khalid Alsaleh; Meshal Abdulhameed Alohali; Abdulaziz Almaawi; Abdulaziz N. Aljurayyan; Abdulmonem Alsiddiky

Osteoporosis remains a significant public health challenge worldwide with high prevalence in the developed countries. Lifestyle plays an important role to develop osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia with low calcium intake and lack of physical activities, which predicts an increase in osteoporosis among the population. The purpose of this studywas to assess the rate of undiscovered osteoporosis in Saudi population. A total of eighty healthy participants were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Both genders above the age of fifteen years were included. While those who were diagnosed to have Osteoporosis, fragility fractures or on antiresorptive medications were excluded.  Their peripheral dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (pDEXA) were measured at calcaneus, furthermore their carbon mono oxide levels were measured to determine smoking status. Patient range was mostly young to middle showed association of low Bone Mineral Density (BMD) with smoking while six of the participantswith low BMD were nonsmoker. Participants with sport activity on a regular basis showed better T-score when compared to those who did not perform sports. The T-score difference was statistically significant with a p-value of 0.001. In another finding theaverage T-score of post-menopausal candidates was lesser thanthose who have not reached menopause yet. The mean difference between these two groups showed the p-value ofp 0.034. Study highlights the deleterious effect of smoking and lack of sporting activities which significantly potentiates loss of bone mineral density. By increasing smoking cessation community campaign awareness by community healthcare professionals may likely helpful to reduce the prevalence of osteoporosis in the region.

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