Project deliverable Open Access
This document serves as a beta (v 1.0) of the definition of the SSHOC Reference Ontology (SSHOCro). SSHOCro proposes an ontological model and RDF schema to be used as a top-level ontology for organizing knowledge and information found distributed across various primary sources of information in the Social Sciences and Humanities Open Cloud (SSHOC).
SSHOCro aspires to provide a semantic interoperability framework for the description of the SSHOC data lifecycle, by offering a conceptual model that can be used to (re)describe at a generic level the real-world lifecycle of creating, finding and using data –amongst other actions –as it actually takes place in the various domains of Social Sciences and Humanities. In practical terms, the use of such a model and schema for the research community is twofold: it can be applied as a standard to be used in the step of devising and implementing metadata capture scheme for tracking the data lifecycle in individual projects, institutions and disciplines; it can also be used to map, transform and integrate existing data across projects, institutions and disciplines into interoperable pools of information for reuse and exploitation. In this context, keeping track of the processes involved in the data lifecycle amounts to associating each stage to a set of activities performed in it.
The proposed ontology is based on the following considerations:
SSHOCro is modelled as an extension of CIDOC CRM, the ISO standard ontology for Cultural Heritage data, from which it inherits its event-centric orientation. CIDOC-CRM provides a common and extensible semantic framework that any procedural information can be mapped to. Instances of the CIDOC-CRM model can be merged into huge meaningful networks of knowledge about historical facts and contextual relationships (Doerr M., 2003) (ICOM/CIDOC- CRM SIG, 2019). The CIDOC-CRM model is intended to be a common language for domain experts and implementers to formulate requirements for information systems and to serve as a guide for good practice of conceptual modeling. In this way, it can provide the "semantic glue" needed to mediate between different sources of information, such as that published by museums, libraries and archives.
The SSHOCro is provided in RDF/S in the SSHOCro_v.1.0_beta.rdf, which is attached to this report.
D4.18 SSHOC Reference Ontology (beta version) v1.0- report_26032020.pdf
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