Working paper Open Access

Gemination, Degemination and Moraic Structure in Wolof

Bell, Arthur J.

There is a rich system of concatenative morphology in Wolof, consisting mostly of suffixes that attach to verb and noun roots. A number of suffixes trigger changes in the root to which they attach, including gemination, degemination, vowel shortening, fricative-stop alternations, and vowel alternations. Previous analyses of Wolof consider these alternations to be morphological.

I argue that, although morphologically triggered, the alternations result from systematic phonological processes.

Using an Optimality Theoretic (OT) approach, I show that a moraic analysis of phonological structure in Wolof can account for restrictions on well-formed syllable types, the distribution of underlying geminates and prenasalized stops, and patterns of gemination and degemination.

This paper is copyrighted, and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) - see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Files (471.7 kB)
Name Size
WPCPL_15_Bell.pdf
md5:e838465c7a2c05a8c8033ebf56a381e8
471.7 kB Download
295
46
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 295295
Downloads 4646
Data volume 21.7 MB21.7 MB
Unique views 222222
Unique downloads 4040

Share

Cite as