Journal article Open Access

Training of Future Specialists in Higher Educational Institutions

Melnyk Yu. B.; Pypenko I. S.

 Abstract Background and Aim of Study: The  research  deals  with  studying  issues  concerning  training  of  specialists  in  high 
school  and  the  student’s  role  in  this  process.  The  perspective  trends  of  training specialists in higher educational institutions are determined. They relate to such, where the university is a configuration part of much bigger establishments and processes and 
where it corresponds to the social and individual demands of the youth.  The aim of the study: to ascertain competences, pedagogic technologies and methods, demanded by cadets and students, as well as to forecast perspective trends of studying 
in higher educational institutions.  
Material and Methods:  A set of methods is used to study issues of training specialists in high school: collection of information, systematisation, rating assessment, analysis and results interpretation. The  dispersion  coefficient  of  Kendall  concordance  is  calculated,  its  significance  is proved on the basis of determining Pirson’s criterion for the significance level of 5% and 1%. The research  was held in the academic years of 2013-2018 on the basis of National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine within the framework of the subject “University  Education”.  The  average  number  of  respondents  was  535  people  (35 groups), who studied at the Humanities Faculty, The Technical Faculty, the Faculty of Economics and Management.  
Results:  It is specified that there is a tendency of  decreasing number of students who  want to study in higher educational institutions. The demand of the student youth is determined for  competences,  pedagogic  technologies  and  methods  which  are  mostly  required  in high  school.  It  is  proposed  to  specify  competences  classification  and  content  of  the notions “professional competences” and “special competences”.  
Conclusions: On  the  basis  of  modern  scientific  and  technical  achievements,  application  of educational  logistics  and  social  demand,  the  main  tendencies  and  future  trends  of training specialists in higher educational institutions in IT-sphere, technical, military, economic, medical and educational fields are forecast.

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