Journal article Open Access

Sleep Disturbances and Self-Care Strategies among Women in Reproductive Age in Al Hasa

Ola Mousa; Aishah A. Almefarfesh; Norah Al Omar; Zainab Alessa

Sleep is a biorhythm process that is vital for individual and good health. Sleep plays a significant role in brain function and systemic physiology. The quantity of sleep necessary for good health is vague. Poor sleep, either in number of hours or quality, may have health effects such as metabolic problems, hypertension, circulatory system disorders, diabetes, neurocognitive diseases and cardio metabolic outcomes increasing mortality rate. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sleep disturbances and to explore the self-care strategies among women in reproductive age. A mixed methods design was utilized in conducting this study. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to (500) mothers. The response rate was 62.4% which represented (312) mothers attending Health Awareness Exhibition in November 15-17, 2018. Face to face interviews were also conducted with 20 mothers to gain further understanding about the topic. In quantitative findings, the prevalence of sleep disturbances between the participants was 91%. (11.5%) reported that they had had trouble in falling asleep in most days and (7.1%) reported that they always had difficulty in falling asleep. (9.3%) reported that they had trouble in staying asleep in most days while, (1.3%) reported that they always had trouble in staying asleep. qualitative findings revealed that majority of the participants experience sleep problems. These sleeping problems are in some cases a result of childbearing and childrearing factors, and psychological factors. The strategies that participants used to solve the problem, such as ignoring the symptoms or trying to continue sleeping or resting in bed, watching TV or internet, eating food or drinking hot beverage, praying tasbih or reading Quran. A significant percentage of the women in reproductive age experience sleeping problems which are related to childbearing and childrearing and psychological disorders. Self-care strategies involved a variety of responses.

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