Journal article Open Access
Since Ukraine is passing not just a stage of democratization of the state system, but is carrying out a radical transformation of the economic and political system, the legal and social systems, the increase in the level of corruption is an objective conditioned factor.
In Ukraine, corruption is one of the problems that needs immediate resolution. This poses a significant threat to democracy, the rule of law, social progress, national security, and the emergence of civil society. Therefore, creating an effective system for preventing corruption, developing and implementing a set of organizational and legal measures to counteract this phenomenon, identifying and overcoming its social preconditions and consequences should become one of the priorities of the state and its policy. The specificity of counteraction to corruption requires, first of all, the regulatory and legal establishment of a complex, harmonized system of preventive measures, which must be developed by various branches of legislation, including the administrative one. Therefore, the issue of counteracting corruption is extremely urgent, as it is also important to tackle one of the most urgent problems - overcoming corruption, as an extremely negative phenomenon in a society that undermines public confidence in the government, diminishes the prestige of the state in the international arena, distorts political competition.
The article examines current legislative initiatives aimed at combating corruption in Ukraine. The results of sociological surveys on the attitude of Ukrainians to corruption are analyzed. The experience of combating corruption in European countries is presented. Positive features of such experience and possibility of its application in Ukraine are defined.
It is concluded that the goals of anti-corruption policy in Ukraine should be to reduce the level of corruption and to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, society and the state against threats related to corruption. And preventive measures against the subjects of corruption actions should be based on the principle of proportionality which takes into consideration public and private interests.