Journal article Open Access

International Adoption: Current Situation in Ukraine and the World

L.A. Khokhlova

The article deals with the provisions on international adoption through the prism of the Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in the field of International Adoption in 1993, the problematic issues adopted by foreign nationals. Issues of legal conflicts between the Hague Convention and Ukrainian legislation on the prohibition of same-sex marriage and its impact on inter-state adoption have been identified. In order to ensure more effective control and supervision of the fate of adopted children, it is proposed to create an international legal database (database) and to establish a single register of adopted Ukrainian children by foreign nationals. To resolve the issue of allowing same-sex couples to adopt a Convention, initiate before the United Nations the right of countries with the prohibition of same-sex marriage to admit a convention of non-acceptance of this article (as prohibited by Article 40 of the Convention) for the purpose of further implementation in the legislation of both our state and other states. with a reservation (restriction, exclusion) to strengthen the normative international regulation of the protection of the rights of the child. Regarding the issue of abuse of international adopters, we consider it necessary to offer an alternative - to strengthen by means of legislative enshrining in both national and international law measures to protect the life of the child as an object of international adoption by increasing the degree of control over the adoption and subsequent fate of the child in the form of specially created reports each country's Interstate Adoption Authority. To ensure more effective control and supervision of the fate of adopted children, we propose to create an international legal database (database) and to establish a single register of adopted Ukrainian children by foreign citizens.

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