Journal article Open Access

Role of International Organizations and the European Court of Human Rights in the Field of International Protection of Children's Rights

H.Yu. Berkela

The article analyzes the role of different international organizations and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in the field of international protection of children’s rights. The main idea of the article is to determine modern methods and mechanisms of protection and realization of children’s rights in international law. Much attention is given to the fact that there are a lot of different international documents that regulate this issue. The author analyzed such documents are Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and expressed her opinion on their effectiveness. It is described in short the protection of children's rights at the regional level. The article outlines the opinions and views of various scholars who had been working in the field of child rights protection. The article admonishes that everybody has the right to apply to the European Court of Human Rights in case of violation and non-recognition of rights. The article states that numerous ECHR decisions exist on issues related to the protection of the rights of the child based on the provisions of international law. The article defines some problematic aspects of the protection of children's rights. Some attention is drawn to the collisions of the legal regulation of this issue and cases of violation of the rights of the child. Theoretical concepts and practical experience regarding the international protection of the rights of the child in international law are explored in the article. The author mentions that the national legislation of some countries in the sphere of children's rights is not perfect enough. Therefore international standards have to serve as a basis on which it would be possible to construct and develop a domestic law system that will respect children’s rights. It is stressed that in the modern world exists a tendency for recognition of almost all rights and interests of the child. It is reported that new mechanisms for the protection of children’s rights are developing because existing mechanisms for the protection of children's rights are not effective enough. Therefore the author gives some recommendations on how to solve those issues. The article states that the approaches to understanding the essence of children’s rights, possibilities should be changed. The article suggests that the creation of the concept “child’s safety" which would be a base point for national security development of world order - could be such an approach.

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