UPDATE: Zenodo migration postponed to Oct 13 from 06:00-08:00 UTC. Read the announcement.

Journal article Open Access

Jeweled Achilidae – a new look at their systematics and relation to other Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera)

Alicja Magdalena Brysz; Jacek Szwedo

A brief overview of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) classification and subdivisions is given. Recent advances and opinions on fossil and extant families of Fulgoroidea and their phylogenetic relationships are briefly discussed. The family Achilidae, one belonging to this superfamily is discussed in respect of their placement in classification proposals. The rank and definition as well as taxonomic concept of Achilidae are discussed. Proposals of internal subdivisions of Achilidae, with current ideas on classification and evolutionary relationships of family subunits and related groups are overviewed.

Files (7.5 MB)
Name Size
7.5 MB Download
  • Amorim D. de S. 1982. Classificação por seqüenciação: uma proposta para a denominação dos ramos retardados. Revista brasileira de Zoologia 1(1): 1–9.

  • Amyot C.J.B., Audinet-Serville J.G. 1843. Deuxième partie. Homoptères. Homoptera Latr. Histoire Naturelle des insectes. Hemiptères 1843. Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 1–676.

  • Asche M. 1988. Preliminary thoughts on the phylogeny of Fulgoromorpha (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha), pp. 47–53, In: Vidano C., Arzone A. (Eds.), Proceedings. 6th Auchenorrhyncha Meeting, Turin, Italy, 7-11 Sept. 1987.

  • Asche M. 2015. The West Palaearctic Achilidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea) – a review with description of five new species from the Mediterranean. Nova Supplementa Entomologica 25: 1−135.

  • Ax P. 2000. Das System der Metazoa. II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart-Jena-New York, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, xxiv+396 pp.

  • Bartlett C.R., O'Brien L.B., Wilson S.W. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1–287.

  • Bartlett C.R., Deitz L.L., Dmitriev D.A., Sanborn A.F., Soulier-Perkins A., Wallace M.S. 2018. The diversity of the true hoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha), pp. 501–590, In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H. (Eds.) Insect biodiversity. Science and society, 2. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118945582.ch19

  • Becker-Migdisova E.E. 1962. Nekotorye novye poluzhestkokrylye i senoedy. Paleontologicheskiï Zhurnal (1): 89–104.

  • Bourgoin T. 1993a. Female genitalia in Hemiptera Fulgoromorpha, morphological and phylogenetic data. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 29: 225–244.

  • Bourgoin T. 1993b. Cladisitic analysis of the Meenoplidae-Kinnaridae genera: The Kinnaridae, a paraphyletic family (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha), pp. 22–24, In: Drosopoulos S., Petrakis P.V., Claridge M.F., de Vrijer P.W.F. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th Auchenorrhyncha Congress, Delphi, Greece, 9-13 Aug. 1993.

  • Bourgoin T. 2019. FLOW (Fulgoromorpha Lists on The Web): a world knowledge base dedicated to Fulgoromorpha. Version 8, updated 2019-09-28. http://hemiptera-databases.org/flow/

  • Bourgoin T., Campbell B.C. 2002. Inferring a phylogeny for Hemiptera: falling into the 'autapomorphic trap', In: Holzinger W. (Ed.), Zikaden – leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia 04, zugleich Kataloge des OÖ. Landesmuseums Linz, Neue Folge 176: 67–82.

  • Bourgoin T., Lefèbvre F. 2002. A new fossil Kinnaridae from Dominican amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). Annales Zoologici 52(4): 583–585.

  • Bourgoin T., Szwedo J. 2008. The 'cixiid-like' fossil planthopper families. Bulletin of Insectology 61(1): 107–108.

  • Bourgoin T., Steffen-Campbell J.D., Campbell B.C. 1997. Molecular phylogeny of fulgoromorpha (Insecta, Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha). The enigmatic Tettigometridae: evolutionary affiliations and historical biogeography. Cladistics 13(3): 207–224. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1997.tb00316.x

  • Bourgoin T., Vignes Lebbe R., Bailly N. 2019. Visualisation of Taxonomic Knowledge: Exploring and reporting taxonomic data, training students in taxonomy. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards 3, e37730: 1–3. https://doi.org/10.3897/biss.3.37730

  • Bourgoin T., Wang Rong-Rong, Gnezdilov V.M. 2015. First fossil record of Caliscelidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea): a new Early Miocene Dominican amber genus extends the distribution of Augilini to the Neotropics. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 14(3): 211–218. https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2015.1032376

  • Brysz A.M., Szwedo J. 2018. The fossil record of the planthopper family Achilidae, with particular reference to those in Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 107: 279–288. https://doi.org/10.1017/S175569101700041X

  • Bucher M., Bourgoin T. 2019. Which biases still hamper a solid planthopper phylogeny? 16th International Auchenorrhyncha Congress, 12th International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Significance, Cuc Phuong NP, Vietnam, July 2nd - 8th, 2019. Program and Abstracts. Vietnam National Museum of Nature, Hanoi, pp. 52–53.

  • Campbell B.C., Steffen-Campbell J.D., Gill R.J. 1994. Evolutionary origin of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae) inferred from 18S rDNA sequences. Insect Molecular Biology 3(2): 73–88. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2583.1994.tb00154.x

  • Ceotto P., Bourgoin T. 2008. Insights into the phylogenetic relationships within Cixiidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): cladistic analysis of a morphological dataset. Systematic Entomology 33(3): 484–500. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00426.x

  • Ceotto P., Kergoat G.J., Rasplus J-Y., Bourgoin T. 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of cixiid planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): New insights from combined analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(2): 667–678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.04.026

  • Chen Peiji, Shen Yan-Bin. 1980. On the Paraleptestheria menglaensis fauna with reference to the age of the Lofochai Group. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 19: 182–189. [In Chinese with English abstract].

  • Chen Shuo, Yang Chung-Tu. 1995. The metatarsi of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Chinese Journal of Entomology 15: 257–269.

  • China W.E., Fennah R.G. 1952. On a remarkable genus of Fulgoroid Homoptera representing a new family. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 12, 5: 189–199.

  • Cryan J.R., Urban J.M. 2012. Higher-level phylogeny of the insect order Hemiptera: is Auchenorrhyncha really paraphyletic? Systematic Entomology 37(1): 7–21. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00611.x

  • Cui Ying, Xie Qiang, Hua Jimeng, Dang Kai, Zhou Jianfu, Liu Xiaoguang, Wang Gang, Yu Xin, Bu Wenjun. 2013. Phylogenomics of Hemiptera (Insecta: Paraneoptera) based on mitochondrial genomes. Systematic Entomology 38(1): 233–245. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00660.x

  • Distant W.L. 1906. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Rhynchota. Vol. 3, (Heteroptera–Homoptera). Taylor & Francis, London, xvi+503 pp.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1983. Nosatka is mela Taïmyra (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontologicheskiï Zhurnal 3: 79–85. Published in English as: Yemel'yanov A.F. 1984. Dictyopharidae from the Cretaceous deposits on the Taymyr peninsula (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontological Journal 17(3): 77–82.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1990a. Novye rod i triba semeïstva Achilidae (Homoptera, Cicadina) iz baltiïskogo yantarya [A new genus and tribe of the family Achilidae (Homoptera, Cicadina) from the Baltic amber]. Vestnik zoologii 1: 6–10 [in Russian].

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1990b. Opyt postroeniya filogeneticheskogo dreva fulgoroidnykh tsikadovykh (Homoptera, Cicadina). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 69(2): 353–356. Published in English as: Emel'yanov, A.F. (1991) An attempt of construction of a phylogenetic tree of the planthoppers (Homoptera, Cicadina). Entomological Review 70(1), 24–28.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1991. K voprosu ob obeme i podrazdeleniyakh sem. Achlidae (Homoptera, Cicadina). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 70(2): 373–393. Published in English as: Yemel'yanov, A.F. 1992. Toward the problem and limits and subdivisions of Achilidae (Homoptera, Cicadina). Entomological Review 71(1): 53–73.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1992. Dve novye triby, novyï rod i novyï vid semeïstva Derbidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea) [Two new tribes, a new genus and a new species of the family Derbidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea)]. Vestnik zoologii 4: 19–23 [in Russian].

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1993(1992). Opisanie trib podsem. Achilinae (Homoptera, Achilidae) i utochnenie ikh sostava. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 71(3): 574–594. Published in English as: Yemel'yanov, A.F. 1993. Description of tribes of the subfamily Achilinae (Homoptera: Achilidae) and revision of their composition. Entomological Review 72(6): 7–27.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1994. Pervaya iskopaemeaya nakhodka semeïstva Derbidae I pereopsanie paleogenovo roda Hooleya Cockerell (Achilidae) (Insecta: Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Paleontologicheskiï Zhurnal 3: 76–82. Published in English as: Emeljanov A.F. 1995. The first fossil find of the Family Derbidae and a redescription of the Paleogene genus Hooleya Cockerell (Achilidae) (Insecta: Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Paleontological Journal 28(3): 92–101.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 1999. Notes on delimitation of families of the Issidae group with description of a new species of Caliscelidae belonging to a new genus and tribe (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Zoosystematica Rossica 8(1): 61–72.

  • Emeljanov A.F. 2013. Razdelenie sem. Lophopidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea) na posemeïstva i triby s pisaniem dvukh novykh trib. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 92(4): 720–723. Published in English as: Emeljanov A.F. 2014. On the subdivision of the family Lophopidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea) on the subfamilies and tribes with description of two new tribes. Entomological Review 94(2): 208–210.

  • Emeljanov A.F., Fletcher M.J. 2004. Hemielissum evansi, a new genus and species of Breddiniolini (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha), being the first Australian record of the tribe, with a discussion of the taxonomic position of the Breddiniolini. Australian Journal of Entomology 43: 38–42. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2004.00403.x

  • Emeljanov A.F., Shcherbakov D.E. 2000. Kinnaridae and Derbidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea) from the Dominican amber. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 7: 438–448.

  • Emeljanov A.F., Shcherbakov D.E. 2018. The longest-nosed Mesozoic Fulgoroidea (Homoptera): a new family from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Far Eastern Entomologist 354: 1–14. http://doi.org/10.25221/fee.354.1

  • Evans J.W. 1946. A natural classification of leaf-hoppers (Jassoidea, Homoptera) Part 1. External morphology and systematic position. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 96(3): 47–60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1946.tb00442.x

  • Fabricius J.C. 1798. Classis XII. Ryngota, pp. 511–524. Supplementum Entomologiae Systematicae. Proft et Storch, Hafniae, [2]+1–572+52+[1].

  • Fabricius J.C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Carolum Reichard, Brunsvigiae, x+314+[1] pp.

  • Fallén C.F. 1829. Hemiptera Sveciae. Sectio Prior. Hemelytrata. Cimicides eorumque familiae affines. Londini Gothorum. Ex Officina Berlingiana, vi+188 pp.

  • Fennah R.G. 1949. A new genus of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 12, 2: 111–120.

  • Fennah R.G. 1950. A generic revision of the Achilidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 1: 1–170.

  • Fennah R.G. 1954. The higher classification of the family Issidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 105: 455–474. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1954.tb00772.x

  • Fennah R.G. 1961. The occurrence of a cixiine fulgoroid (Homoptera) in the Weald Clay. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 13, 4: 161–163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222936108655796

  • Fennah R.G. 1982. A tribal classification of the Tropiduchidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea), with the description of a new species on tea in Malaysia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 72: 631–643. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300008658

  • Fennah R.G. 1987. A new genus and species of Cixiidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) from Lower Cretaceous amber. Journal of Natural History 21(5): 1237–1240. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938700770751

  • Fieber F.X. 1866. Neue Gattungen und Arten in Homoptern (Cicadina Bur.). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 16: 497–516.

  • Fieber F.X. 1872. Katalog der europäischen Cicadinen, nach Originalien mit Benützung der neuesten Literatur. Druk und Verlag von Carl Gerold's Sohn, Wien, 19 pp.

  • Forero D. 2008. The systematics of the Hemiptera. Revista Colombiana de Entomología 34(1): 1–21.

  • Fowler W.W. 1900. Fam. Flatidae. pp. 45–70, In: Distant J.W., Fowler W.W. (Eds.), Insecta. Rhynchota. Hemiptera-Homoptera. Vol. 1. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Taylor and Francis, London.

  • Garrouste R., Schubnel T., Oudard J., Roques P., Nel A. 2019. The insect Konservat-Lagerstatte of the Upper Carboniferous of Avion (France): an exceptional geoheritage, 43–44, In: Nascimb ene P.C. (Ed.), Abstracts. 8th International Conference on Fossil Insects, Arthropods & Amber, Santo Domingo 2019.

  • Germar E.F. 1821. Bemerkungen über einige Gattungen der Cicadarien. Magazin der Entomologie 4: 1–106.

  • Germar E.F. 1833. Conspectus generum Cicadariarum. Revue entomologique, publiée par Gustave Silbermann 1: 174–184.

  • Gębicki C., Szwedo J. 2000. A fossil ugyopine planthopper from Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Delphacidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 69(4): 389–395.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2002. Morfologia yaïtseklada predstaviteleï podsemeïstva Issinae (Homoptera, Cicadina, Issidae) [Morphology of the ovipositor in the subfamily Issinae (Homoptera, Cicadina, Issidae).] Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 81(3): 605–626 [in Russian].

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2003a. A new tribe of the family Issidae with comments on the family as a whole (Homoptera: Cicadina). Zoosystematica Rossica 11(2): 305–309.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2003b. Obzor semeïstva Issidae (Homoptera, Cicadina) evropeïskoï fauny z zamiechaniyami o stroeni yaïtseklada fulgoroidnykh tsikadovykh [Review of the family Issidae (Homoptera, Cicadina) of the European fauna, with notes on the structure of ovipositor in planthoppers.] Chteniya Pamyati Nikolaya Aleksandrovicha Kholodkovskogo (Meetings in memory of N.A. Kholodkovsky) 56(1): 1–145 [in Russian with English summary].

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2007. On the systematic positions of the Bladinini Kirkaldy, Tonginae Kirkaldy, and Trienopinae Fennah (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Zoosystematica Rossica 15(2): 293–297.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2008. To the taxonomy of higher Fulgoroidea. Bulletin of Insectology 61(1): 119–120.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2009a. Novoe podsemeïstvo tsikadovykh sem. Ricaniidae Amyot et Serville (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 88(4): 807–812. Published in English as: Gnezdilov V.M. 2009. A new subfamily of the planthopper family Ricaniidae Amyot et Serville (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Entomological Review 89: 1082–1086.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2009b. Revisionary notes on some tropical Issidae and Nogodinidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 49(1): 75–92.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2012a. On the taxonomy of some Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera). Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 316(3): 239–247.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2012b. Revizya triby Colpopterini Gnezdilov, 2003 (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae) [Revision of the tribe Colpopterini Gnezdilov, 2003 (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea: Nogodinidae).] Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(4): 757–774 [in Russian].

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2012c. Zamechaniya o sostave i rasprostranenii sem. Acanaloniidae Amyot et Serville (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea) [On the composition and distribution of the family Acanaloniidae Amyot et Serville (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea).] Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 91(3): 643–647.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2013a. Sovremennaya sistema semeïstva Caliscelidae Amyot et Servile (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 92(4): 724–738. Published in English as: Gnezdilov V.M (2014) Modern classification and the distribution of the family Issidae Spinola (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea). Entomological Review 94(5): 687–697.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2013b. Contribution to the taxonomy of the family Tropiduchidae Stål (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) with description of two new tribes from Afrotropical Region. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 60(2): 179–191. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.201300024

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2013c. A modern system of the family Caliscelidae Amyot et Serville. Zoological Journal 92(11): 1309–1311.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2016. Zamechaniya o filogeneticheskikh otnosheniyakh tsikadovykh sem. Issidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) fauny Zapadnoï Palearktiki s opisaniem dvukh novykh rodov. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 95(2): 362–382. Published in English as: Gnezdilov V.M. 2016. Notes on the phylogenetic relationships of planthoppers of the family Issidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) of the Western Palaearctic fauna, with descriptions of two new genera. Entomological Review 96: 332–347.

  • Gnezdilov V.M. 2017. Notes on higher classification of the family Nogodininae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea), with description of new tribe and new species. Far Eastern Entomologist 347: 1–21. https://doi.org/10.25221/fee.347.1

  • Gnezdilov V.M., Emeljanov A.F., Kovalev A.V., Fadeev K.I. 2019. Cixidia confinis (Zetterstedt, 1828) (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoroidea: achilidae) in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Province. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 323(3): 364–368. http://dx.doi.org/10.31610/trudyzin/2019.323.3.364

  • Hamilton K.G.A. 1990. Homoptera, In: Grimaldi D.A. (Ed.), Insects from the Santana Formation, Lower Cretaceous, of Brazil). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 195: 82–122.

  • Hamilton K.G.A. 2011. Making sense of Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera): new phylogenetic evidence. Cicadina 12: 57–79.

  • Handlirsch A. 1906-1908. Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, ix+1430+51 plates (1906: 1–672; 1907: 673–1120; 1908: 1121–1430), 51 taf. (1906: plates 1–36; 1907: plates 37–51).

  • Handlirsch A. 1939. Neue Untersuchungen über die fossilen Insekten, Teil 2. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 49: 1–240.

  • Hardy N.B. 2018. The biodiversity of Sternorrhyncha: scale insects, aphids, psyllids, and whiteflies, pp. 591–625, In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H. (Eds.), Insect biodiversity. Science and society, 2, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118945582.ch20

  • Haupt H. 1929. Neueinteilung der Homoptera-Cicadina nach phylogenetisch zu wertenden Merkmalen. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 58: 173–286.

  • Haupt H. 1956. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der eozänen Arthopodenfauna des Geiseltales. Nova Acta Leopoldina 18(128): 1–89.

  • Henry T.J. 2017. Biodiversity of Heteroptera, pp. 279–335, In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H. (Eds.), Insect biodiversity. Science and society, 1 (second edition), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118945568.ch10

  • Holzinger W.E., Kammerlander I., Bourgoin T., Chan K.L., Campbell B.C. 1997. Towards a phylogeny of the Cixiidae (Fulgoromorpha) and its major subgroups: preliminary results. 2nd European Hemiptera Congress, 20-24 June 2001, Fiesa, Slovenia: 19.

  • Johnson K.P., Dietrich C.H., Friedrich F., Beutel R.G., Wipfler B., Peters R.S., Allen J.M., Petersen M., Donath A., Walden K.K.O., Kozlov A.M., Podsiadlowski L., Mayer C., Meusema nn K., Vasilikopoulos A., Waterhouse R.M., Cam eron S.L., Weirauch C., Swanson D.R., Percy D.M., Hardy N.B., Terry I., Liu S., Zhou X., Misof B., Robertson H.M., Yoshizawa K. 2018. Phylogenomics and the evolution of hemipteroid insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 12775–12780. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1815820115

  • Kaddumi H.F. 2005a. Amber of Jordan. The oldest prehistoric insects in fossilized resin. Self-published, 1–168.

  • Kaddumi H.F. 2005b. Amber of Jordan. The oldest prehistoric insects in fossilized resin. 2nd edition, September 2005. Eternal River Museum of Natural History, Jordan, 1–224.

  • Kaddumi H.F. 2007. Amber of Jordan. The oldest prehistoric insects in fossilized resin. Third edition. Eternal River Museum of Natural History, Amman, 1–298.

  • Kirby W. 1818. A description of several new species of insects collected in New Holland by Robert Brown, Esq., F. R. S., Lib. Linn. Soc. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 12: 454–482.

  • Latreille P.A. 1804. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes. 12. F. Dufart, Paris, 424 pp.

  • Latreille P.A. 1807. Sectio secunda. Familia quarta. Cicadariae. Cicadaires. In Genera crustaceorum et insectorum: secundum ordinem natrualem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata. 3. Amand Koenig, Paris, 258 pp.

  • Leach W.E. 1815. Entomology. The Edinburgh Encyclopedia; conducted by David Brewster, 9, 57–172.

  • Li Hu, Leavengood Jr J.M., Chapman E.G., Burkhardt D., Song Fan, Jiang Pei, Liu Jinpeng, Zhou Xuguo, Cai Wanzhi. 2017. Mitochondrial phylogenomics of Hemiptera reveals adaptive innovations driving the diversification of true bugs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284: 20171223: 1–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.1223

  • Liang Ai-Ping. 1999. Do the Achilixiidae belog to Cixiidae? – evidence from antennal sensilla (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha), [unpaginated]. Abstracts of talks and posters of 10th International Auchenorrhyncha Meeting, Cardiff, Wales, 6-10 Sept. 1999.

  • Liang Ai-Ping. 2001. Morphology of antennal sensilla in Achilixius sandakanensis Muir (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Achilixiidae) with comments on the phylogenetic position of the Achilixiidae. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 49(2): 221–225.

  • Lin Qi-bin. 1986. Early Mesozoic fossil insects from South China. Palaeontologia Sinica, Series B, 170: 1–112.

  • Lin Qi-bin, Szwedo J., Huang Di-ying, Stroiński A. 2010. Weiwoboidae fam. nov. of 'higher' Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) from the Eocene deposits of Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84(4): 751–755.

  • Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: Laurentii Salvii, [4] + 824 pp.

  • Linnaeus C. 1767. II. Hemiptera. 687–744, In: Linné C. 1767. Systema Naturae. Editio duodecima, reformata, vol. 1. p. 2. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ, pp. 533–1327+[37 pp].

  • Mahner M. 1993. Systema Cryptoceratorum Phylogeneticum (Insecta, Heteroptera). Zoologica (Bd. 48, Lief. 1) 143: 1–302.

  • Martynov A.V. 1935. Permian fossil Insects from the Arkhangelsk district. Part 5. Homoptera. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR 4: 1–35.

  • Melichar L. 1898. Monographie der Ricaniiden (Homoptera). Annalen des Kaiserlich-Königlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 13: 197–359.

  • Melichar L. 1906. Monographie der Issiden. (Homoptera). Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen. Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 3: 1–327.

  • Metcalf Z.P. 1920. A suggestion for a better popular name for the Fulgoridae (Hemip.). Entomological News 31: 57–58.

  • Metcalf Z.P. 1938. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 82(5): 277–423.

  • Metcalf Z.P. 1948. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 10 Achilidae. Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, 1–85.

  • Mozaffaaffarian F., Bourgoin T., Wilson M.R. 2018. Nomenclatural changes in the higher classification of the family Tettigometridae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) with description of a new tribe and new species and a review of the Iranian tettigometrid fauna. Zootaxa 4392(3): 469–490. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4392.3.3

  • Muir F. 1923a. Achilixius, a new genus, constituting a new family of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Philippine Journal of Science 22(5): 483–487.

  • Muir F. 1923b. On the classification of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 5: 205–247.

  • Muir F. 1924. A new genus of the family Achilixiidae (Homoptera). Canadian Entomologist 56: 33–34.

  • Muir F. 1925. On the genera of Cixiidae, Meenoplidae and Kinnaridae. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 1: 156–163.

  • O 'Brien L.B. 2002. The wild wonderful world of Fulgoromorpha. In: Holzinger W. (Ed) Zikaden – leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia 04, zugleich Kataloge des OÖ. Landesmuseums, Linz, Neue Folge 176: 83–102.

  • Petrulevičius J.F. 2005. A plant hopper (Nogodinidae) from the upper Palaeocene of Argentina: systematics and taphonomy. Palaeontology 48(2): 299–308. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2005.00443.x

  • Ren Dong, Yin Jicai, Dou Wenxiu. 1998. New planthoppers and froghoppers from the Late Jurassic of northeast China (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 23: 281–288.

  • Scudder S.H. 1877. The first discovered traces of fossil insects in the American Tertiaries. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories 3: 741–762

  • Scudder S.H. 1878. The fossil insects of the Green River shales. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories 4(4): 747–776.

  • Scudder S.H. 1890. The Tertiary insects of North America. Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories 13: 1–734.

  • Shcherbakov D.E. 1986. Ravnokrylye tsikadovye. Cicadina (=Auchenorrhyncha). Nasekomye v rannemelovykh ekosistemakh zapadnoï Mongolii. Sovmestnaya Sovetsko-Mongol'skaya Palaeontologicheskaya Expeditsiya. Trudy [Homoptera. Cicadina (=Auchenorrhyncha). Insects in early Cretaceous ecosystems of Western Mongolia. The Joint Soviet-Mongolian Palaeontological Expedition] 28: 47–50 [in Russian].

  • Shcherbakov D.E. 1996. Origin and evolution of Auchenorrhyncha as shown by the fossil record, pp. 31–45, In: Schaefer C.W. (Ed.), Studies on Hemiptera phylogeny. Proceedings, Thomas Say Publications in Entomology, Lanham (Maryland), Entomological Society of Amererica, iii + 244 pp.

  • Shcherbakov D.E. 2006. The earliest find of Tropiduchidae (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha), representing a new tribe, from the Eocene of Green River, USA, with notes on the fossil record of higher Fulgoroidea. Russian Entomological Journal 15(3): 315–322.

  • Shcherbakov D.E. 2007a. An extraordinary new family of Cretaceous planthoppers Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Russian Entomological Journal 16(2): 138–154.

  • Shcherbakov D.E. 2007b. Mesozoic spider mimics – Cretaceous Mimarachnidae fam. n. (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Russian Entomological Journal 16(3): 259–264.

  • Shen Yan-Bin, Gallego O.F., Buchheim P., Biaggi R. 2006. Eocene conchostracans from the Laney Member of the Green River Formation, Wyoming, USA. Journal of Paleontology 80(3): 447–454

  • Skinner R.K., Dietrich C.H., Walden K.O., Ordon E.G., Sweet A.W., Podsiadlowski L., Petersen M., Simon C., Takiya D.M., Johnson K.P. 2019. Phylogenomics of Auchenorrhyncha (Insecta: Hemiptera) using transcriptomes: examining controversial relationships via degeneracy coding and interrogation of gene conflict. Systematic Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12381

  • Song Nan, Liang Ai-Ping. 2013. A preliminary molecular phylogeny of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. PLoS ONE 8(3), e58400 : 1–11. https://doi.org.10.1371/journal.pone.0058400

  • Song Nan, Zhang Hao, Zhao Te. 2019. Insights into the phylogeny of Hemiptera from increased mitogenomic taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 137: 236–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.009

  • Song Zhi-Shun, Bartlett C.R., O'Brien L.B., Liang Ai-Ping, Bourgoin T. 2018. Morphological phylogeny of Dictyopharidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). Systematic Entomology 43(4): 637–658.

  • Sorensen J.T., Campbell B.C., Gill, R.J., Steffen-Campbell J.D. 1995. Non–monophyly of Auchenorrhyncha ("Homoptera"), based upon 18S rDNA phylogeny: eco–evolutionary and cladistic implications within pre–Heteropterodea Hemiptera (s.l.) and a proposal for new monophyletic sub–orders. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 71: 31–60.

  • Soulier-Perkins A. 2001. The phylogeny of the Lophopidae and the impact of sexual selection and coevolutionary sexual conflict. Cladistics 17(1): 56–78. https://doi.org/10.1006/clad.2000.0152

  • Spinola M. 1839. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133–337.

  • Stål C. 1856. Om Derbides med tre oceller. Ofversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 13: 161–164.

  • Stål C. 1862. Bidrag till Rio de Janeiro-tratkens Hemipterfauna. II. Handlingar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien 3(6): 1–75.

  • Stål C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana 4: 1–276.

  • Stroiński A., Szwedo J. 2012a(2011). Abraracourcix curvivenatus n. gen. n. sp. from the Lowermost Eocene Oise amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Ricaniidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 47(3-4): 480–486.

  • Stroiński A., Szwedo J. 2012b. The oldest known Lophopidae planthopper (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) from the European Palaeocene. Geobios 45(4): 413–420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geobios.2011.10.007

  • Stroiński A., Gnezdilov V.M., Bourgoin T. 2011. Sub-brachypterous Ricaniidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) of Madagascar with morphological notes for these taxa. Zootaxa 3145: 1–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3145.1.1

  • Szwedo J. 2005. Notes on Otiocerini with a second record of Derbidae in Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Derbidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 36(2): 161–172. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631205788838483

  • Szwedo J. 2006. First fossil record of Cedusini in the Eocene Baltic amber with notes on the tribe (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Derbidae). Russian Entomological Journal 15(3): 327–333

  • Szwedo J. 2007a. Nymphs of a new family Neazoniidae fam. n. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber. African Invertebrates 48(1): 127–143.

  • Szwedo J. 2007b. Fulgoromorpha: planthoppers, pp. 297–313, In: Martill D.M., Bechly G., Loveridge, R.F. (Eds.), The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil: Window into an Ancient World. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

  • Szwedo J. 2008. Achilidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) from the Eocene Baltic amber. Bulletin of Insectology 61(1): 109–110.

  • Szwedo J. 2009. First discovery of Neazoniidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) in the Early Cretaceous Archingeay amber of South-West France. Geodiversitas 31(1): 105−116. https://doi.org/10.5252/g2009n1a9

  • Szwedo J. 2018. The unity, diversity and conformity of bugs (Hemiptera) through time. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 107: 109–128. https://doi.org/10.1017/S175569101700038X

  • Szwedo J., Ansorge J. 2015. The first Mimarachnidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) from Lower Cretaceous lithographic limestones of the Sierra del Montsec in Spain. Cretaceous Research 52: 390–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2014.03.001

  • Szwedo J., Stroiński A. 2001. Ptychogroehnia reducta gen. and sp. n. of the fossil tribe Ptychoptilini from the Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Achilidae). Annales Zoologici 51(1): 95–101.

  • Szwedo J., Stroiński A. 2017. Who's that girl? The singular Tropiduchidae planthopper from the Eocene Baltic amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). Palaeontologia Electronica 20.3.60A: 1–20. https://doi.org/10.26879/784

  • Szwedo J., Azar D., Nohra J. 2013. First record of Perforissidae from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea), pp. 145–163, In: Azar D., Engel M.S., Jarzemb owski E., Krogma nn L., Nel A., Santiago-Blay J. (Eds.), Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber, Brill Publishers, Leiden (Netherlands).

  • Szwedo, J., Bourgoin, T., Lefèbvre F. 2004. Fossil Planthoppers (Hemiptera Fulgoromorpha) of the world. An annotated catalogue with notes on Hemiptera classification. Studio 1, Warszawa, 199+[8] pp.

  • Szwedo J., Stroiński A., Lin Qi-bin. 2012. Discovery of a Flatidae planthopper (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) in the Paleocene of northern Tibet and its taxonomic and biogeographic significance. Geodiversitas 35(4): 767–776. https://doi.org/10.5252/g2013n4a2

  • Szwedo J., Stroiński A., Lin Qi-bin. 2015. Tip of the clade on the top of the World—the first fossil Lophopidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha) from the Palaeocene of Tibet. The Science of Nature 102(5-6), 28: 1–5+1–11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-015-1277-4

  • Szwedo J., Wang Bo, Zhang Hai-chun. 2011. An extraordinary Early Jurassic planthopper from Hunan (China) representing a new family Qiyangiricaniidae fam. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 85(4): 739–748.

  • Urban J.M., Cryan J.R. 2007. Evolution of the planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42(2): 556–572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.009

  • Urban J.M., Cryan J.R. 2009. Entomologically famous, evolutionarily unexplored: The first phylogeny of the lanternfly family Fulgoridae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 471–484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.12.004

  • Wang Meng-Lin, Zhang Ya-Lin, Bourgoin T. 2016. Planthopper family Issidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): linking molecular phylogeny with classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 105: 224–234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.08.012

  • Wang Rong-Rong, Li Xin-Yu, Szwedo J., Stroiński A., Liang Ai-Ping, Bourgoin T. 2017. Testing Tropiduchini Stål 1866 (Hemiptera: Tropiduchidae) monophyly, a young inter-tropical taxon of mainly insular species: taxonomy, distribution patterns and phylogeny, with the description of a new genus from Papua New Guinea. Systematic Entomology 42(2): 359–378. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12219

  • Wang Yuan, Chen Jing, Jiang Li-Yun, Qiao Ge-Xia. 2015. Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes: features, structures and implications for phylogeny. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16: 12382–12404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160612382

  • Wessel A., Mühlethaler R., Hartung V., Kuštor V., Gogala M. 2014. Chapter 20. The tymbal: evolution of a complex vibration-producing organ in the Tymbalia (Hemiptera excl. Sternorrhyncha), pp. 395–444, In: Cocroft R.B., Gogala M., Hill P.S.M., Wessel A. (Eds.). Studying Vibrational Communication. Animal Signals and Communication 3, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43607-3_20

  • Wilson M.R. 1989. The planthopper family Achilixiidae (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea): a synopsis with a revision of the genus Achilixius. Systematic Entomology 14(4): 487–506. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1989.tb00299.x

  • Yang Chung-Tu, Chang Tsui-Ying. 2000. The external male genitalia of Hemiptera (Homoptera – Heteroptera). Shih Way Publishers, Taichung, Taiwan, [3]+746 pp.

  • Yeh Wen-Bin, Yang Chung-Tu, Hui Cho-Fat. 2005. A molecular phylogeny of planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences. Zoological Studies 44(4): 519–535.

  • Zhang Xiao, Ren Dong, Yao Yun-Zhi. 2019. A new family Jubisentidae fam. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea) from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research 94: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2018.10.012

  • Zrzavý J. 1990. Evolution of Hemiptera: an attempt at synthetic approach, pp. 19–22, In: Koteja J. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium of scale insect studies, Cracow, August 6-12, 1990. Parts 1–2. Agriculture University Press, Kraków.

  • Zrzavý J. 1992. Evolution of antennae and historical ecology of hemipteran insects (Paraneoptera). Acta entomologica bohemoslovaka 89(2): 77–86.

All versions This version
Views 183183
Downloads 9292
Data volume 688.2 MB688.2 MB
Unique views 171171
Unique downloads 9090


Cite as