Conference paper Open Access

Low pressure grouting with nanosilicate to reduce the liquefaction susceptibility of sand

Salvatore Erminio; Mascolo Maria Cristina; Proia Roberta; Modoni Giuseppe; Grassi Davide

The severe damages on buildings and infrastructures induced by earthquake
liquefaction has highlighted the importance of implementing reliable techniques to reduce the
susceptibility of loose sandy deposits beneath new or existing buildings. In this direction, the
present paper presents the results of an experimental campaign aimed at analyzing the effectiveness
of low-pressure grouting of sand with nanosilicatesto mitigate the effects of liquefaction.
Sandy specimens, reconstituted at two initial relative densities have been treated with
grout prepared with silica content ranging from 1.2% to 5.0% by weight, cured for different
periods and have then been subjected to different physical and mechanical tests. The results
reveal a lower tendency of the treated material to accumulate excess pore pressuresduring
undrained cyclic loading, proving in this way that the technique can be successfully adopted
to mitigate the effects of liquefaction of loose sandy deposits.

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