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Palaeosoils as indicators of local palaeoenvironmental changes – mosaics from the Hungarian loess studies

Horváth, Erzsébet; Novothny, Ágnes; Barta, Gabriella; Csonka, Diánna; Végh, Tamás; Bradák, Balázs


The loess palaeosoils are known for their palaeoclimatic significance and have also been used for regional stratigraphic correlations. In this paper, three important loess section sites were studied in the frame of an interdisciplinary approach. The soil-sedimentary sequences presented here cover the timespan between the MIS9 and MIS3. Basaharc is one of the key loess sections of the European loess belt. New sections allow for the description of so far unknown facies of the famous Basaharc Double (BD) and Basarharc Lower (BA) palaeosoils. Moreover, they indicate so far unknown sudden environmental changes during the development of the Upper Mende (MF) palaeosoil.

The seven analysed sections of Verőce brickyard allowed the characterisation of the Last Interglacial palaeosoil in various landscape positions.

The detailed investigations of the loess-palaeosol series at Hévízgyörk suggest hiatuses which may have been hidden by a well-developed palaeosol complex formed over multiple interglacial periods during the Late Middle Pleistocene.

This research allows us to complement former knowledge by applying newly available research methods, to obtain new chronological data, and to highlight that soil characteristics of loess palaeosoils are not only influenced by climatic parameters, but also by geomorphological settings.

This article is part of a book edited at the occasion of the Geoarchaeological meeting of Bruges: Soils as records of Past and Present: the geoarchaeological approach. Focus on: is there time for fieldwork today? - Bruges (Belgium), 6 and 7.11.2019. Editors Judit Deák, Carole Ampe and Jari Hinsch Mikkelsen Technical editor Mariebelle Deceuninck English language reviewer Caroline Landsheere Graphic design Frederick Moyaert Printing and binding Die Keure, Bruges
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