Journal article Open Access

Cyber Crime: Current State and Activities of Individual Protection

Andrii A. Meisar Dmytro V. Obodovskyi

In this article attention was paid to terminology, determinants and methods of combating cybercrime, which are becoming more common in cyberspace. Especially with the terminology problem faced by researchers of this type of crime, which has no boundaries. Due to the imperfection of the legal framework, many countries have a different understanding of key concepts such as cyberspace, cybercrime. Such a terminological difference greatly complicates the qualification, and therefore the investigation and prevention of this type of crime. The dynamics of cybercrime is constantly increasing, as the price of this type of crime increases. Cybercrime can be committed both individually and by a group of people who may not even be personally acquainted and do not know the real names of each other and communicate through the Internet. Cybercriminals tend to seek some financial gain directly or through the sale of stolen data. There are frequent cases when such a crime is committed on request. However, due to the fact that this type of crime is committed in most cases by young people from the so-called Millennial generation, such motivators as the feeling of success and popularity among peers or in cyberspace are worthy of attention. Given the fact that cybercrime is extremely latent and low statistics on disclosure of the perpetrator, there is a sense of impunity, and some generally do not consider it a crime. We are constantly faced with digital technology. Cyberspace occupies an increasing part of our lives. It is there that we store information, conduct private and official correspondence, carry out entrepreneurial activity, manage finances and much more. However, for such convenience, we paid security. The urgency of the article leads, in particular, to the decline of Ukraine's position in international ratings on the study of cyber security. As an example, in the ranking of national cyber security, which is the Estonian Academy of Electronic Governance, Ukraine - at 26th place, which is 3 positions worse than last year.

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