Journal article Open Access
Bogdan S. Kuzmenko
In this article the author describes the foundation of the Prosecutor’s Office in Russian Empire. It takes place from the reign of Peter I. Firstly, the government officials, who were assigned by the king, have to ensure that management is carried out in accordance with the law. But in many reasons this public structure did not work successfully. So that the next authority, Katerina II, changed their warrants and give to the Prosecutor’s Office more power and more responsibilities. For the first time it was good and prosecutors really work and deal with many problems in the empire. On the other hand, there are too many full powers, that causes the impossibility of coping with all of them, especially do it effectively. So that the author emphasize reader’s attention to the Court Reform, which Alexander II enacts in 1862. This reform is really leading reform that sets the fundamental principles of the Prosecutor’s Office. He reduces the powers to comply with current legislation on all the stages of the criminal process and execution of sentences. What is more, Alexander II gives prosecutors a new function – to maintain public indictments in court. Also, he builds strict subordination system for the servants of the law. So the author of the article wants the reader to see the foundation and development of the Prosecutor’s Office in Russian Empire.