Journal article Open Access
Logic. Panorama of the Domain
In European culture logic - understood as a scientific discipline and skill - has been developed and taught at least since Aristotle’s time, namely since the 4th century B.C. The aim of this text is to answer the question: what is logic? It shows an analytic panorama of logic. Logic - understood in a broad sense - can be divided into formal logic, semiotics, methodology of science and epistemology (Chapter 1). An additional goal of the text is to give a historical note concerning those lecturers who taught logic in the Major Seminary of Siedlce Diocese (Chapter 2). Logic has been developed to analyse, to describe, to make precise and put in order various linguistic and cognitive activities. Logic explicates inter-sentential and inner-sentential relations, relations between contents and extensions of terms - relations established by various functors. Logic plays all its roles assuming that precision is better than a lack thereof.