Journal article Open Access

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF BUCHANANIA LANZAN SPRENG. LEAVES

Atoofa Habib*1, Mukta Shrivastava2

Plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases. Phytochemicals have two categories viz. primary constituents which include chlorophyll, Proteins, sugars, aminoacids and secondary constituents which include terpenoids and alkaloids. The primarily aim of the present study was to carry out a preliminary phytochemical screening of Buchanania lanzan leaves so as to evaluate the major class of compounds present in it. The leaf extracts of B. lanzan were prepared in different solvents like Petroleum ether, Dichloromethane, ethanol and water through soxhlation. The results of this study indicated the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, phenols, glycosides, carbohydrates and triterpenes. Most of the phytochemicals were found in aqueous and ethanol extracts. The presence of these phytochemicals describes the importance of this plant as a good source of herbal medicine.

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