Poster Open Access

ANNIS, SaltNPepper & PAULA: A multilayer corpus infrastructure

Florian Zipser; Thomas Krause; Anke Lüdeling; Arne Neumann; Manfred Stede; Amir Zeldes

Information structure, like many other linguistic phenomena, influences different linguistic levels at the same time (stress, word order, definiteness, etc.). PAULA is a human and machine-readable XML format to store linguistic data which are annotated on multiple layers. Corpus-based research on information structure therefore needs access to different types of annotation (Lüdeling et al., to appear). There are now many multi-layer corpora with annotations of linguistic phenomena on several levels (see, e.g. Tüba-D/Z
(Telljohann et al. 2009), Falko (Reznicek et al. 2012) or PCC (Stede
& Neumann 2014)). Unfortunately most tools have different formats which may not be interoperable, that means data can hardly be exchange between tools. Furthermore, there is no possiblity for analysis on multiple layers.

1.Merging different types of annotations of the same primary text to a single corpus → Pepper
2.Storage of different types of annotations in only one format → PAULA
3.Search in different corpora and different phenomena in one single system → ANNIS


Files (770.6 kB)
Name Size
770.6 kB Download
All versions This version
Views 117117
Downloads 4444
Data volume 33.9 MB33.9 MB
Unique views 108108
Unique downloads 4242


Cite as