Dataset Open Access

Human and Machine Judgements for Russian Semantic Relatedness

Panchenko, Alexander; Ustalov, Dmitry; Arefyev, Nikolay; Paperno, Denis; Konstantinova, Natalia; Loukachevitch, Natalia; Biemann, Chris

Semantic relatedness of terms represents similarity of meaning by a numerical score. On the one hand, humans easily make judgements about semantic relatedness. On the other hand, this kind of information is useful in language processing systems. While semantic relatedness has been extensively studied for English using numerous language resources, such as associative norms, human judgements and datasets generated from lexical databases, no evaluation resources of this kind have been available for Russian to date. Our contribution addresses this problem. We present five language resources of different scale and purpose for Russian semantic relatedness, each being a list of triples (wordi, wordj , similarityij ). Four of them are designed for evaluation of systems for computing semantic relatedness, complementing each other in terms of the semantic relation type they represent. These benchmarks were used to organise a shared task on Russian semantic relatedness, which attracted 19 teams. We use one of the best approaches identified in this competition to generate the fifth high-coverage resource, the first open distributional thesaurus of Russian. Multiple evaluations of this thesaurus, including a large-scale crowdsourcing study involving native speakers, indicate its high accuracy.

For more details see: 

  • The web page of the RUSSE evaluation campaign:
  • The original publication "Panchenko A., Ustalov D., Arefyev N., Paperno D. Konstantinova N., Loukachevitch N. and Biemann C. undefinedHuman and Machine Judgements about Russian Semantic Relatedness. In Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts (AIST'2016). Communications in Computer and Information Science (CCIS). Springler-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg":

Files (1.9 GB)
Name Size
all.norm-sz500-w10-cb0-it3-min5.w2v.vocab_1100000_similar250.gz md5:530d03982f35552c762a64a0a7f8417b 1.9 GB Download
hj-mc.csv md5:1ed4b7d36b485b3e8bbc151140e6b50e 1.1 kB Download
hj-rg.csv md5:fed9990e1e4b67cd415ae4862dde4e95 2.4 kB Download
hj-wordsim353-relatedness.csv md5:c6d3437cd205fbd53c622bfcf99ee4cf 9.5 kB Download
hj-wordsim353-similarity.csv md5:365c7be0528a28328f252a9c57ef3ed1 7.4 kB Download
hj.csv md5:2ccd92a09182b581423bb86186e9b394 15.2 kB Download
mj.csv md5:7cf92fd365d18105cbdb3226957e7239 594.2 kB Download
rt-test.csv md5:d065c9dae0e6ee06f74f0e4e582b7550 350.5 kB Download
rt.csv md5:826bc67f4a774a9f9ef167b784894ba6 4.1 MB Download


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