The OPERAS Working Group for Common Standards aims at exploring the workflows, mediums and
technical standards that have recently emerged as a result of the changes brought about by the
transition to Open Science. It places focus on the importance of common standards, and traces the
improvements required to ensure content quality and interconnectivity for scholarly output in the SSH
The White Paper on Common Standards comprises desk research and identifies key operational
and technical aspects to be addressed by digital research infrastructures and service providers. It
particularly sketches the landscape of Open Science in Europe, focusing on the policy framework and
the institutional initiatives at EU level; it also describes current and emerging research practices and
highlights the needs of the stakeholders and communities engaged in scholarly communication.
Reference is specifically made to technical and operational standards for publishing infrastructures,
and their importance in providing a digital scholarly communication framework that fosters content
reuse and collaboration among researchers, while enabling the implementation of innovative research
methods. To this end, the white paper identifies needs yet to be met, introduces 4 complementary
areas (content quality and impact assessment, interoperability, availability and processability)
for the introduction of common standards, and provides basic recommendations for their future
The white paper also examines where OPERAS members stand and suggests a roadmap for the
community-wide adoption of standards.. As effective implementation of common standards is highly
depended upon stakeholders’ increased awareness and commitment towards more effective ways of
conducting, presenting and communicating research, the white paper underlines the instrumental role
of the OPERAS network in specifying new standards and updating existing ones.
Alexiou, G., Vahdati, S., Lange, C., Papastefanatos, G., & Lohmann, S. (2016). "OpenAIRE LOD services: scholarly communication data as linked data". In International Workshop on Semantic, Analytics, Visualization (pp. 45-50). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/ chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-53637-8_6
Almeida, F., Oliveira J., Cruz J. (2011). "Open Standards And Open Source: Enabling Interoperability". International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications (IJSEA) 2(1). http://airccse.org/journal/ ijsea/papers/0111ijsea01.pdf
Ball, C. E., Eyman, D. (2015). "Editorial Workflows for Multimedia-Rich Scholarship". Journal of Electronic Publishing 18(4). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.406
Browning, S., Guedon, J., Kaplan, L. (2013). " Metadata and Open Access: Reliably Finding Content and Finding Reliable Content". Proceedings of the Charleston Library Conference. http://dx.doi. org/10.5703/1288284315314
COPE, DOAJ, OASPA, WAME. "Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing". https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practicescholarly- publishing (accessed 29/6/2018)
Day, M,. (2005). "Metadata". In S.Ross, M.Day (eds) DCC Digital Curation Manual. http://www.dcc. ac.uk/resource/curation-manual/chapters/metadata/ (accessed 29/6/2018)
European Commission, Directorate General for Research and Innovation. (2016). "Open innovation, Open Science, Open to the World". https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/ publication/3213b335-1cbc-11e6-ba9a-01aa75ed71a1 (accessed 16/4/2018)
Ferwerda, E., de Vries, S., Dumouchel, S., Gatti, R., Mounier, P., Radovic, D., Smaniotto, A., Stojanovski, J., & Waaijers, L. (2018). OPERAS Platforms and Services White Paper. Zenodo. https://zenodo.org/ deposit/1324058
Harley, D., Acord S., Earl-Novell, S., Lawrence, S., King, J. (2010) "Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication: An Exploration of Faculty Values and Needs in Seven Disciplines". Berkeley: The Center for Studies in Higher Education. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/15x7385g (accessed 29/6/2018).
Hutchens, C. (2013). "Open access metadata: current practices and proposed solutions". Learned Publishing, 26 (3) pp: 159-165. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1087/20130302
Hyde, A. (2015). "Open Access and Standards". Journal of Electronic Publishing 18(1). DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.117
Neylon, C., Pentz, E., Tananbaum, G. (2014). "Standardized Metadata Elements to Identify Access and License Information". Information Standards Quarterly,(2) pp: 35-37. https://espace.curtin.edu.au/ handle/20.500.11937/24522 (accessed 29/6/2018).
OPERAS Consortium (2017a). "Landscape Study on Open Access Publishing". DOI: https://doi. org/10.5281/zenodo.1299151
OPERAS Consortium. (2018). "Report on online survey on optimizing e-infrastructure". https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/2465/files/2018/05/operas_online_survey_ optimizing_e-infrastructure.pdf (accessed 30/6/2018).
Speicher, L., Armando, L., Bargheer, M., Eve, M., Fund, S., Leão, D., Mosterd, M., Pinter, F., & Souyioultzoglou, I. (2018). OPERAS Open Access Business Models White Paper. Zenodo. https:// zenodo.org/record/1323707
Stathopoulos, P., Houssos, N.. (2013). "Specifications and interoperability features for open digital content" (trans. Georgiadis, H.). http://helios-eie.ekt.gr/EIE/handle/10442/8887
Tsoukala, V. (2015). "University based Open Access Publishing. State of Play". SPARC Europe. http:// sparceurope.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/SE_UPublishing_Report_0315.pdf (accessed 29/6/2018).
Warren, J. (2015). "Zen and the Art of Metadata Maintenance". Journal of Electronic Publishing 18(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.305
Yu, L. (2011). "Linked Open Data". A Developer's Guide to the Semantic Web. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg