Dataset Open Access

Majadas de Tietar: Ecosystem level and understorey carbon, water, and energy fluxes in a Mediterranean tree-grass ecosystem

Carrara, Arnaud; El-Madany, Tarek Sebastian; Lopez-Jimenez, Ramon; Hertel, Martin; Kolle, Olaf; Knauer, Jürgen; Perez-Priego, Oscar; Reichstein, Markus; Zaehle, Sönke; Migliavacca, Mirco

This dataset contains a subset of measurements collected at the experimental site Majadas de Tietar. We collected ecosystem level and understorey carbon, water, and energy fluxes in a Mediterranean Savanna using the eddy covariance technique and a series of meteorological sensors for the time period December 2015 - February 2018. The dataset is used for the development of a series of R packages including 'bigleaf' (Knauer et al., 2018).

The experimental site is collected in Majadas de Tietar (Casals et al., 2009) located in western Spain (39°56′25″N 5°46′29″W). The ecosystem is a typical “Iberic Dehesa”, which is characterized by an herbaceous stratum of native pasture and sparse trees, for the majority (~98%) Quercus ilex. The tree density is about 20–25 trees/ha⁠, the fractional cover of trees is about 20%, mean DBH of 46 cm, and a canopy height of about 8 m. (El-Madany et al., 2018). The herbaceous layer is composed of native annual species of the three main functional plant forms (grasses, forbs and legumes), whose fractional cover varies seasonally and is characterized by important inter-annual variations in the seasonal dynamics related to the onset of the dry period.

Fluxes were measured with the eddy covariance technique with two different systems, one at ecosystem scale to characterize the fluxes of the whole ecosystem (15.5 m above ground), and one at 1.65 m above ground in an open space to measure the fluxes of the well-established understory grass layer.

The description of the set-up, equipment and processing used to calculate ecosystem scale fluxes are described in El-Madany et al., (2018), while for the understory tower can be found in Perez-Priego et al., (2017).

The dataset is composed of two files: 'ESLMa_MainTower', which is the ecosystem eddy covariance system, and 'ESLMa_SubCanopy', which is the understory eddy covariance system. The dataset contains half-hourly, processed eddy covariance of the ecosystem and understory tower, as well as the main biometeorological data used in the big-leaf package (net radiation, soil heat fluxes, horizontal wind velocity, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, air temperature). All the processing was conducted with EddyPro software (version 5.2.0, LI-COR Biosciences Inc., Lincoln, NE, USA) and the ustar filtering, gap-filling and partitioning with the R package REddyProc (Wutzler et al., 2018). The variables and the units are described in the Readme.txt file released with the dataset.

References

Casals, P. et al., 2009. Soil CO2 efflux and extractable organic carbon fractions under simulated precipitation events in a Mediterranean Dehesa. Soil Biol. Biochem. 41, 1915–1922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.06.015.

El-Madany, T.S.,et al., 2018. Drivers of spatio-temporal variability of carbon dioxide and energy fluxes in a Mediterranean savanna ecosystem 21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.07.010

Knauer, J., et al., 2018. bigleaf - An R package for the calculation of physical and physiological ecosystem properties from eddy covariance data. PLOS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201114

Perez-Priego O,  et al., 2017. Evaluation of eddy covariance latent heat fluxes with independent lysimeter and sapflow estimates in a Mediterranean savannah ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 236: 87-99. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.01.009.

Wutzler, T., et al., 2018. Basic and extensible post-processing of eddy covariance flux data with REddyProc. Biogeosciences Discuss., p. 1-39.

 

The authors thanks the von Humbold Stiftung for financial support of the MaNiP project through the Max Planck research prize 2013 to Markus Reichstein
Files (21.1 MB)
Name Size
ESLMa_MainTower.txt
md5:b58e74cb7fc40b3e6759e80fe1884f33
10.5 MB Download
ESLMa_SubCanopy.txt
md5:da7e246a525d20d3c4ffedd3f23d1a6b
10.6 MB Download
Readme.txt
md5:38ea3adc5142a45633a722154492f4ca
1.5 kB Download
  • Casals, P. et al., 2009. Soil CO2 efflux and extractable organic carbon fractions under simulated precipitation events in a Mediterranean Dehesa. Soil Biol. Biochem. 41, 1915–1922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.06.015

  • El-Madany, T.S.,et al., 2018 (Accepted). Drivers of spatio-temporal variability of carbon dioxide and energy fluxes in a Mediterranean savanna ecosystem. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.07.010

  • Knauer, J., et al.,(Accepted). bigleaf - An R package for the calculation of physical and physiological ecosystem properties from eddy covariance data. PLOS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201114

  • Perez-Priego O, et al., 2017. Evaluation of eddy covariance latent heat fluxes with independent lysimeter and sapflow estimates in a Mediterranean savannah ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 236: 87-99. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.01.009.

  • Wutzler, T., et al., 2018. Basic and extensible post-processing of eddy covariance flux data with REddyProc. Biogeosciences Discuss., p. 1-39.

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