Journal article Open Access
Smoot, George F.
Anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) encode information about the evolution and development of the universe. Quality observations of CMB anisotropies can provide a very strong test of cosmological models and provide high precision determination of major cosmological parameters. This paper provides a review of the COBE DMR results, the current status of the measurements of the CMB anisotropy power spectrum and then focuses current and future programs including both suborbit al observations and the two selected satellite missions: the NASA MidEX mission MAP and the ESA M3 mission Max Planck Surveyor. This review includes both a description of the experimental programs and the expected quality level of results.