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Archaeological supplement A to Damgaard et al. 2018: Archaeology of the Caucasus, Anatolia, Central and South Asia 4000-1500 BCE

Kristian Kristiansen; Brian Hemphill; Gojko Barjamovic; Sachihiro Omura; Süleyman Yücel Senyurt; Vyacheslav Moiseyev; Andrey Gromov; Fulya Eylem Yediay; Habib Ahmad; Abdul Hameed; Abdul Samad; Nazish Gul; Muhammad Hassan Khokhar; Peter de Barros Damgaard

We present a brief archaeological summary of the main phases of cultural
and social change in the Western, Central, and South Asia ca. 4000-1500 BCE
as a contextual framework for the findings presented in Damgaard et al.
2018. We stress the role of the Caucasus as a conduit in Western Asia linking
the steppe and Eastern Europe with Anatolia, Syria, Iraq, and Iran. We track
the emergence of the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) in
Central Asia as a cultural melting pot between the steppe and the sown
lands during a period of more than a millennium. And we highlight indicators
of cultural and commercial exchange, tracking developments in technology
as well as social and political organization that came about as part of
complex processes of interaction in a region stretching from South Asia to
the Mediterranean.

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