Journal article Open Access
Results of an extensive validation study of the new radiative transfer code SHARM-3D are described. The code is designed for modeling of unpolarized monochromatic radiative transfer in the visible and near-IR spectra in the laterally uniform atmosphere over an arbitrarily inhomogeneous anisotropic surface. The surface boundary condition is periodic. The algorithm is based on an exact solution derived with the Green's function method. Several parameterizations were introduced into the algorithm to achieve superior performance. As a result, SHARM-3D is 2-3 orders of magnitude faster than the rigorous code SHDOM. It can model radiances over large surface scenes for a number of incidence-view geometries simultaneously. Extensive comparisons against SHDOM indicate that SHARM-3D has an average accuracy of better than 1%, which along with the high speed of calculations makes it a unique tool for remote-sensing applications in land surface and related atmospheric radiation studies.