Journal article Open Access
Harvey, J. W.; Hill, F.; Hubbard, R. P.; Kennedy, J. R.; Leibacher, J. W.; Pintar, J. A.; Gilman, P. A.; Noyes, R. W.; Title, A. M.; Toomre, J.; Ulrich, R. K.; Bhatnagar, A.; Kennewell, J. A.; Marquette, W.; Patron, J.; Saa, O.; Yasukawa, E.
Helioseismology requires nearly continuous observations of the oscillations of the solar surface for long periods of time in order to obtain precise measurements of the sun's normal modes of oscillation. The GONG project acquires velocity images from a network of six identical instruments distributed around the world. The GONG network began full operation in October 1995. It has achieved a duty cycle of 89 percent and reduced the magnitude of spectral artifacts by a factor of 280 in power, compared with single-site observations. The instrumental noise is less than the observed solar background.