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Who Were The Earliest Farmers? Interactions - Innovations - Adaptations At Earliest Neolithic Of The Central Balkans, Human Bioarchaeological Perspectives
de Becdelievre Camille;
A major transition occurred during the first part of the Holocene: Humans entered a new adaptive niche by settling in favored environment and by domesticating species of plants
and animals. From primary "centers of domestication", it is frequently considered that Neolithic farmers - as well as the idea of agriculture - spread to some "marginal" areas.
Simultaneously, a main event of demographic expansion occurred, and it seems that this process impacted at various degrees both the human health and the human biology.
Focusing on the analysis of the remains of more than 500 humans discovered in several regions of the Balkans (the Danube Gorges; the territory of the Central Balkans; the Great
Pannonian Plain), and covering the Mesolithic (9500 BC - 6200 BC) and the Early Neolithic (6200 - 5500 BC), we discuss this usual perception of Neolithization as "an episode
of ecological niche colonization" by addressing simple questions: who were the earliest famers in the Central Balkans? what were they looking like? and what about their living
To better understand the behavioral mechanisms and the biological outcomes of the Neolithization process, we tackle the issues of migrations, diet, health and bodily adaptations
by synthesizing data coming from recent analyses: physical anthropology, 3D morphometric, stable isotopes, aDNA. Taken as a whole, results suggest that Neolithization should
be understood as a complex phenomenon combining both foragers innovations and farmers migrations, foragers and farmers interactions in some specific spots, local behavioral
adaptations - particularly in term of subsistence patterns - to environmental conditions, a global health decline and a specific pattern of body adaptation to the new sedentary
lifestyle. By offering a glimpse into the life of the first farming communities this study also emphasizes the contributions of Human Behavioral Ecology to our understanding of the
mechanisms of bio-cultural adaptations.
BEAN - BEAN – Bridging the European and Anatolian Neolithic: Demography, Migration, and Lifestyle at the Advent of Civilization (289966)
Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja:
Bioarchaeology of Ancient Europe: People, Animals and Plants in the Prehistory of Serbia (47001)
23rd Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists 2017 (EAA), Maastricht, The Netherlands, 30.08.-03.09.2017.
(Session THE OTHER SIDE: THE REALITY OF THE EARLIEST FARMING IN EUROPE AND LESSONS FOR UNDERSTANDING AGRICULTURAL ORIGINS)