Conference paper Open Access

Consequence models for vented hydrogen deflagrations: CFD vs. engineerings models

Sunil Lakshmipathy; Trygve Skjold; Helene Hisken; Gordon Atanga

This paper was presented at the Seventh International Conference of Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2017) in Hamburg on 11-13 September 2017.

This paper presents a comparison between two numerical approaches for the modelling of vented hydrogen deflagrations: computation fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and empirical engineering models (EMs). The study is a part of the project ‘Improving hydrogen safety for energy applications through pre-normative research on vented deflagrations’(HySEA). Data from experiments conducted as part of the HySEA project are used to evaluate the CFD results and predictions from EMs. The HySEA project focusses on vented hydrogen deflagrations in containers and smaller enclosures with internal congestion representative of hydrogen applications in industry. The CFD tool FLACS-Hydrogen is used to simulate vented hydrogen deflagrations in 20-foot ISO containers with various obstacle configurations, and EMs for vented deflagrations are applied to the same scenarios. For the Phase 1 tests, both EM and FLACS-Hydrogen predict the maximum overpressure variation for the various configurations considered with reasonable accuracy. In general, both the EMs and the CFD tools tend to over-predict the maximum over-pressures measured in the experiments.

The paper is a deliverable from the project “Improving hydrogen safety for energy applications through pre-normative research on vented deflagrations”, or HySEA (www.hysea.eu), which receives funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) under grant agreement no. 671461. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium and Norway.

The work described in this paper is a deliverable from the project "Improving hydrogen safety for energy applications through pre-normative research on vented deflagrations", or HySEA (www.hysea.eu), which received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) under grant agreement no. 671461. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium and Norway. The paper is part of the Proceedings from the Seventh International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2017), ISBN 978-88-902391, pp. 615-626.
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