Journal article Open Access

Environmental Efficacy on Heracleum persicum Essential Oils

Rahele Hasani; Iraj Mehregan; Kambiz Larijani; Taher Nejadsattari; Romain Scalone

Essential oils of Heracleum persicum (Apiaceae) have been widely used from many years ago, but the difference of its properties among different populations have not been identified up to now. Hydrodistilation Clevenger type was used to obtaining the fruit essential oils of four populations of H. persicum from different localities in Iran, then they were characterized by GC-FID and GC-MS analyses. Some ecological factors were also measured. The oils of four populations were compared to determine the similarities and differences and the relationships between these factors and ecological factors. Based on the result, 18-32 different components were identified in four populations, while the percentage of the main components was higher in population with lower number of components. According to the statistical analyses of chemical components and ecological factors, it can be concluded that some ecological factors such as altitude, less humidity, high difference between day and night temperature and salty soil would lead to lower number of components in essential oil, whereas they consist the higher percentage.

Files (260.6 kB)
Name Size
260.6 kB Download
  • Asgarpanah, J., et al., Chemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of Heracleum persicum Desf. Ex Fischer: A review. J Med Plants Res, 2012. 6: p. 1813-1820.
  • Djilani, A. and A. Dicko, The therapeutic benefits of essential oils2012: INTECH Open Access Publisher.
  • Figueiredo, A.C., et al., Factors affecting secondary metabolite production in plants: volatile components and essential oils. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2008. 23(4): p. 213-226.
  • Koul, O., S. Walia, and G. Dhaliwal, Essential oils as green pesticides: potential and constraints. Biopesticides International, 2008. 4(1): p. 63-84.
  • Radjabian, T., A. Salimi, and N. Rahmani, Essential‐Oil Composition of the Fruits of Six Heracleum L. Species from Iran: Chemotaxonomic Significance. Chemistry & biodiversity, 2014. 11(12): p. 1945-1953.
  • Rechinger, K.H., Flora Iranica, No. 162, Umbelliferae1987, Graz, Austria. [10] Mozaffarian, V., Flora of Iran, No. 54, Umbelliferae1986: Ministry of Agriculture, Islamic Republic of Iran. [11] Sefidkon, F., M. Dabiri, and N. Mohammad, Analysis of the Oil of Heracleum persicum L. (Seeds and Stems). Journal of Essential Oil Research, 2004. 16(4): p. 296-298. [12] Kuljanabhagavad, T., N. Sriubolmas, and N. Ruangrungsi, Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Heracleum siamicum. J Health Res, 2010. 24(2): p. 55-60. [13] Sefidkon, F., M. Dabiri, and N. Mohammad, Analysis of the oil of Heracleum persicum L. (leaves and flowers). Journal of Essential Oil Research, 2002. 14(4): p. 295-297. [14] Torbati, M., et al., Chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Heracleum transcaucasicum and Heracleum anisactis roots essential oil. BioImpacts: BI, 2014. 4(2): p. 69. [15] Scheffer, J., et al., Composition of Essential Oil of Heracleum persicum Fruits. Planta medica, 1984. 50(1): p. 56-60. [16] Mojab, F. and B. Nickavar, Composition of the Essential Oil of the Root of Heracleum persicum from Iran. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2003: p. 245-247. [17] Kharkwal, G., et al., Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Heracleum lanatum Michx. from Uttarakhand Himalaya. 2014. [18] Radjabian, T., et al., Essential oil composition of some wild populations of Heracleum persicum Desf. Ex Fischer growing in Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 2013. 16(6): p. 841-849. [19] Mojab, F., A. Rustaiyan, and A. Jasbi, Essential oils of Heracleum persicum Desf. ex Fischer leaves. DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2002. 10(1): p. 6-8. [20] Masoumeh Mazandarani, et al., Evaluation of phytochemical and antioxidant activity in different parts of Heracleum gorganicum Rech. F. in Golestan province of Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2012. 2(2): p. 381-386. [21] Hajhashemi, V., S.E. Sajjadi, and M. Heshmati, Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of Heracleum persicum essential oil and hydroalcoholic extract in animal models. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2009. 124(3): p. 475-480. [22] Firuzi, O., et al., Composition and biological activities of essential oils from four Heracleum species. Food chemistry, 2010. 122(1): p. 117-122. [23] Sayyah, M., S. Moaied, and M. Kamalinejad, Anticonvulsant activity of Heracleum persicum seed. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2005. 98(1): p. 209-211. [24] Sharififar, F., et al., Bioassay screening of the essential oil and various extracts from 4 spices medicinal plants. Pak J Pharmcol Sci, 2009. 22: p. 317-322. [25] Moshafi, M.H., et al., Bioassay screening of the essential oil and various extracts of fruits of Heracleum persicum desf. and rhizomes of Zingiber officinale rosc. using brine shrimp cytotoxicity assay. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2009: p. 59-63. [26] Habibi, Z., et al., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Heracleum rechingeri Manden from Iran. Natural product research, 2010. 24(11): p. 1013-1017. [27] Hemati, A., et al., Effect of the Hydroalcoholic Extract of Heracleum persicum (Golpar) on Folliculogenesis in Female Wistar Rats. Cell Journal (Yakhteh), 2010. 14(1): p. 47. [28] Dadjo, Y., et al., Effects of Supplementation with Heracleum persicum Fruit Extract on Serum Lipids in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography: A Pilot Trial. Phytotherapy Research, 2014. 29(1): p. 141-143. [29] Ebadollahi, A., et al., Chemical composition and bio-pesticidal values of essential oil isolated from the seed of Heracleum persicum Desf. ex Fischer (Apiaceae). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 2014. 12(4): p. 1166-1174. [30] Kheiri, F., Y. Rahimian, and A. Rafiee, Effect of Heracleum persicum extract on performance and some haematological parameters in broiler chicks. Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 2014. 4(9): p. 522-525. [31] Adams, R.P., Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry2007: Allured publishing corporation. [32] Pence, H.E. and A. Williams. ChemSpider: an online chemical information resource. 2010; Available from: [33] Lemmon, E., et al. NIST chemistry WebBook, Nist standard reference database number 69. 2011; Available from: [34] Gee, G. and J. Bauder, Particle size analysis by hydrometer: a simplified method for routine textural analysis and a sensitivity test of measurement parameters. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1979. 43(5): p. 1004-1007. [35] McLean, E., Soil pH and lime requirement. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 1982 (methodsofsoilan2): p. 199-224. [36] U.S. Soil Salinity Laboratory Staff, LA Richards (ed.) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils, in US Dept. of Agriculture Handbook1954, U.S. Govt. Print. Office: Washington, DC. p. 160. [37] Nelson, D. and L. Sommers, Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 1982(methods of soil analysis 2): p. 539-579. [38] Khym, J.X., Analytical ion-exchange procedures in chemistry and biology: theory, equipment, techniques1974: NJ, Prentice-Hall. [39] Buurman, P., B.v. Lagen, and E. Velthorst, Manual for soil and water analysis1996: Backhuys Publishers. [40] Bremner, J.M. and C. Mulvaney, Nitrogen—total. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 1982(methods of soil analysis 2): p. 595-624.
  • Sadgrove, N. and G. Jones, A Contemporary Introduction to Essential Oils: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Prospects for Australian Agriculture. Agriculture, 2015. 5(1): p. 48-102.
  • Saeidnia, S., et al., Cytotoxicity and chemical constituens of the volatile oil of golpar (Heracleum persicum desf. Ex Fischer). Biosci. Res, 2005. 2: p. 107-10.
  • Torbati, M., et al., Composition and antibacterial activity of heracleum transcaucasicum and heracleum anisactis aerial parts essential oil. Advanced pharmaceutical bulletin, 2013. 3(2): p. 415.
All versions This version
Views 1414
Downloads 00
Data volume 0 Bytes0 Bytes
Unique views 1414
Unique downloads 00


Cite as