Journal article Open Access

Synthesis of Novel Nanostructured Catalysts for Pyrolysis of Biomass

Phuong T. Dang; Hy G. Le; Giang T. Pham; Hong T. M. Vu; Kien T; Nguyen; Canh D. Dao; Giang H. Le; Hoa T. K. Tran; Quang K. Nguyen; Tuan A. Vu

Nanostructured catalysts were successfully prepared
by acidification of diatomite and regeneration of FCC spent catalysts.
The obtained samples were characterized by IR, XRD, SEM, EDX,
MAS-NMR (27Al and 29Si), NH3-TPD and tested in catalytic
pyrolysis of biomass (rice straw). The results showed that the similar
bio-oil yield of 41.4% can be obtained by pyrolysis with catalysts at
450oC as compared to that of the pyrolysis without catalyst at 550oC.
The bio-oil yield reached a maximum of 42.55% at the pyrolysis
temperature of 500oC with catalytic content of 20%. Moreover, by
catalytic pyrolysis, bio-oil quality was better as reflected in higher
ratio of H/C, lower ratio of O/C. This clearly indicated high
application potential of these new nanostructured catalysts in the
production of bio-oil with low oxygenated compounds.

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