Dataset Open Access

Sikyon Survey Project Data

Lolos, Yannis; Gourley, Ben; Stewart, Daniel R.; Charno, Michael; Sarris, Apostolos

The Sikyon Survey Project is a fully integrated multidisciplinary research program to study the human presence and activity on the plateau of ancient Sikyon, a city in northeastern Peloponnese between Corinth and Achaia. The urban survey was begun in the summer of 2004 by the University of Thessaly in collaboration with the 37th Ephoreia of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, the Institute of Mediterranean Studies at FORTH, and the University of York (UK). A previous extensive regional survey was conducted between 1996 and 2002 in the ca. 360 km2 territory of the ancient city. The goal of the research was twofold: the primary aim was to produce a multidisciplinary study of the intra-mural area across the ages, and to trace human presence and activity from prehistoric times to the early modern era. The second and more broad-ranging aim was to investigate the plateau in its context within the landscape and thus build upon the framework of the previous extensive survey of the territory of Sikyon.

Background

The plateau, which rises some 3.5 km southwest of the Corinthian gulf between the Asopos and Helisson rivers, was according to the ancient sources the acropolis of the Archaic and Classical city, which was itself located on the coast. In Archaic times, when ruled by the tyrannic family of the Orthagorids, Sikyon was one of the most powerful states of the Greek world and a cradle of the arts. Its artistic reputation carried on through the Classical and Hellenistic ages thanks to such famous painters and sculptors as Pausias, Kanachos and Lysippos. In 303 BCE, Demetrios Poliorketes, son of Antigonos I, destroyed the city in the plain and transferred it to the site of its acropolis. This initiative, beyond its practical purposes, conveyed a strong political message since Sikyon-Demetrias is one of the only two cities ever founded, or more precisely refounded, by a Macedonian ruler in the Peloponnese. The city grew in its new setting during the Hellenistic and Roman periods and witnessed a golden age in the third century BCE under general Aratos, head of the Achaian Confederacy. During the Roman Empire Sikyon lived in the shadow of Corinth, which was the capital of the province of Achaia. Likewise her bishopric attested already from the late 4th century CE depended on the archibishopric of Corinth. After the collapse of the Roman Empire Sikyon appears again in sources related to Frankish possessions in the Corinthia of the 13th and 14th centuries, this time under the name of Vasilika or Vasiliko. The village of Vasiliko, which presently occupies the southeastern corner of the plateau, is often mentioned in archives of the Ottoman and Second Venetian period (15th-18th centuries).

Data

The data in this collection is the "dissemination" data for the project, which is data that can be easily and immediately re-used in the applications that created the data. It is understood that this data is unlikely to maintain usability in the long-term due to the nature of software/format obsolescence. A companion collection of "preservation" data (10.5281/zenodo.1054552) has been created which is an exact replica of the data content but in more stable open formats for long-term preservation. These collections will not be actively migrated like a proper archive kept at the ADS or tDAR, but best efforts have been made to ensure their re-usability.

The collection has the following data:

  • Database
    • Microsoft Access Database files of the project databases
    • An Entity Relationship Diagram showing table relationships
  • GIS
    • ESRI Shapefiles of the project spatial data
  • Geophysics
    • Geoplot data of the magnetometry data
    • Plots of the processed surveys
    • Ground Penetrating Radar data/plots
  • Photos
    • Square photographs, including pottery finds and landscape features
    • Tract photographs with vegetation and landscape conditions
    • Architectural Features
    • General photos of the team working in the field and off-site
Files (3.1 GB)
Name Size
sikyon-survey-project-dissemination.zip
md5:02138a83ade020e1723eaedaca623401
3.1 GB Download
  • 10.5281/zenodo.1054552

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