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Published July 19, 2023 | Version camera-ready
Journal article Open

Large-scale weighted sequence alignment for the study of intertextuality in Finnic oral folk poetry

  • 1. University of Helsinki

Description

The digitization of large archival collections of oral folk poetry in Finland and Estonia has opened possibilities for large-scale quantitative studies of intertextuality. As an initial methodological step in this direction, I present a method for pairwise line-by-line comparison of poems using the weighted sequence alignment algorithm (a.k.a. ‘weighted edit distance’). The main contribution of the paper is a novel description of the algorithm in terms of matrix operations, which allows for much faster alignment of a poem against the entire corpus by utilizing modern numeric libraries and GPU capabilities. This way we are able to compute pairwise alignment scores between all pairs from among a corpus of over 280,000 poems. The resulting table of over 40 million pairwise poem similarities can be used in various
ways to study the oral tradition. Some starting points for such research are sketched in the latter part of the article.

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Funding

Formulaic intertextuality, thematic networks and poetic variation across regional cultures of Finnic oral poetry / Consortium: FILTER 333138
Academy of Finland