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Published June 29, 2023 | Version v1
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Building part specific material inventory dataset for residential buildings in Finland

  • 1. Tampere University
  • 2. Aalto University


This dataset contains material volumes (m3), material masses (kg), and material intensities (kg/m2) for representative buildings from 45 residential building cohorts in Finland. These data are presented per material and in total, aggregated on three hierarchical levels on the correspondingly named sheets in the OpenDocument Spreadsheet (ODS) file: the entire building (data_building), distinguished between vertical building levels (data_building_level), and distinguished between building parts (data_building part). Further details on the data are provided on the description sheet in the same file.

The cohorts are based on building type, main frame material, main façade material, and construction decade. Each cohort is represented by one inventoried building, covering the combinations in the tables below. All buildings are located in the city of Vantaa, Finland, with the exception of the 1940s and 1950s houses, which are based on type-planned houses and thus have no specific location.

One dwelling house cohorts included in the dataset
Frame material, Facade material 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
Wood, Wood D D D T D D D D
Wood, Brick   T T D T T T T
Brick, Brick     D D D* D D D
Concrete, Concrete     D T D D D D
Concrete, Brick     T D T T T T
Block of flats cohorts included in the dataset
Frame material, Facade material 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
Concrete, Concrete     D D D D D D
Concrete, Brick     T T T T T T

D = Direct record based on construction documents.
T = Theoretical variant with alternative façade material based on typical contemporary construction practice. All properties except the cladding and any related materials (e.g. battens) are identical with the corresponding direct record.
* Geometry determined based on construction documents from 1979 due to lack of suitably sized cases dated in the 1980s. Insulation thicknesses adjusted to match the represented decade’s building code.

The data are primarily based on digitized construction documents obtained from the Vantaa building inspection authority’s archives through the purchase portal Lupapiste Kauppa ( The 1940s and 1950s type-planned houses’ drawings are from the National Archives of Finland.


This work received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 821201 (Circular Construction In Regenerative Cities (CIRCuIT)). The work was also supported by the Forest Value project "InFutUReWood" (2019–2022), which was financially supported by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment and others under grant number VN/4236/2018.


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Additional details


CIRCuIT – Circular Construction In Regenerative Cities (CIRCuIT) 821201
European Commission