Published January 13, 2022 | Version v3
Technical note Open

Policy Brief: Blueprint for Ultimate Producer Responsibility

  • 1. Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University
  • 2. Department of Sustainability Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 3. Department of Geography, Geology and Environment, University of Hull, United Kingdom


Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has been implemented around the world since the 1990s on a national scale. Current EPR structures do not address the multiple product use cycle (second hand) and across borders (transboundary trade) of electronic devices like computers, washing machines, laptops, mobile phones etc. This policy brief sketches the contours of a new format which takes the multiple cycles and border crossing features as fundamental starting point to ensure circularity and sustainability by expanding the EPR concept to Ultimate Producer Responsibility (UPR).


BLUEPRINT Ultimate Producer Responsibility .pdf

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CRESTING – CiRcular Economy: SusTainability Implications and guidING progress 765198
European Commission