Published October 24, 2021 | Version v1
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BEPSII Arctic Policy Brief

  • 1. nstitute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada
  • 2. Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  • 3. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
  • 4. Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 5. Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • 6. Unité d'océanographie chimique, FOCUS, Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • 7. Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 8. Department of Geosciences, Environment and Society, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
  • 9. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • 10. Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • 11. Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
  • 12. Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway
  • 13. Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 14. Finnish Environment Institute, Marine Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland
  • 15. Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Paris, France


BEPSII (Biogeochemical Exchange Processes at Sea-Ice Interfaces) Arctic policy brief. The policy brief summarizes three recent papers on climate change and Arctic sea-ice biogeochemistry, sea-ice ecosystems and ecosystem services and sea-ice geoengineering impacts on sea-ice biogeochemistry.



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  • Lannuzel et al. (2020), The future of Arctic sea-ice biogeochemistry and ice-associated ecosystems. Nat. Clim. Chang. 10, 983–992 (2020).
  • Miller et al. (2020), Implications of sea ice management for Arctic biogeochemistry, Eos, 101,
  • Steiner et al. (2021), Climate change impacts on sea-ice ecosystems and associated ecosystem services, Elem. Sci. Anth.
  • CAFF 2017, State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report, Akureyri, Iceland,Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna International Secretariat
  • CBD, 2008, Marine and coastal biodiversity. COP 9, De- cision IX/20. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Annex 1