Published June 6, 2020 | Version v3
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A Global Approach to the Gender Gap in Mathematical, Computing, and Natural Sciences: How to Measure It, How to Reduce It?

  • 1. Chair of the International Mathematical Union Committee for Women in Mathematics
  • 2. French Association Women & Science, Honor President
  • 3. 2014–2015 President, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry,
  • 4. American Institute of Physics, College Park, MD, US
  • 5. Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (HTW) Berlin, University of Applied Science, Berlin, Germany
  • 6. Independent researcher, Berlin, Germany
  • 7. University of Limerick, Ireland
  • 8. EPI*STEM – the National Centre for STEM Education, University of Limerick, Ireland
  • 9. Departamento de Fisica, FCEN-UBA & IFIBA, CONICET-UBA
  • 10. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 11. National Taiwan Normal University Graduate Institute of Science Education


This book reports on a three-year project (2017–2019) funded by the International Science Council and involving eleven scientific partner organizations. The main goal of the project was to investigate the gender gap in STEM disciplines from different angles, globally and across disciplines. We have performed (i) a global survey of scientists with more than 32,000 responses; (ii) an investigation of the effect of gender in millions of scientific publications; and (iii) the compilation of best-practice initiatives that address the gender gap in Mathematical, Computing, and Natural Sciences at various levels.

We conclude that the gender gap is very real in science and mathematics. We present methodologies, insights, and tools that have been developed throughout the project, as well as a set of recommendations for different audiences: instructors and parents; educational institutions; scientific unions and other organizations responsible for science policy.


The book is available as print-on-demand and can be ordered through various distributors worldwide, e.g. For the full list of available distributors see



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