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Published September 30, 2019 | Version v3
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unarXive: A Large Scholarly Data Set with Publications' Full-Text, Annotated In-Text Citations, and Links to Metadata

  • 1. University of Freiburg


In recent years, scholarly data sets have been used for various purposes, such as paper recommendation, citation recommendation, citation context analysis, and citation context-based document summarization. The evaluation of approaches to such tasks and their applicability in real-world scenarios heavily depend on the used data set. However, existing scholarly data sets are limited in several regards.

Here, we propose a new data set based on all publications from all scientific disciplines available on Apart from providing the papers' plain text, in-text citations were annotated via global identifiers. Furthermore, citing and cited publications were linked to the Microsoft Academic Graph, providing access to rich metadata. Our data set consists of over one million documents and 29.2 million citation contexts. The data set, which is made freely available for research purposes, not only can enhance the future evaluation of research paper-based and citation context-based approaches but also serve as a basis for new ways to analyze in-text citations.


See for the source code which has been used for creating the data set.


For citing our data set and for further information we can refer to our journal article

Tarek Saier, Michael Färber: "unarXive: A Large Scholarly Data Set with Publications’ Full-Text, Annotated In-Text Citations, and Links to Metadata", Scientometrics, 2020,


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