Published September 1, 2017 | Version v1
Book chapter Open

In search of plants in the diet of Mesolithic-Neolithic communities in the Iron Gates

  • 1. Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute for Balkan Studies
  • 2. Biosense Institute, University of Belgrade
  • 3. University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture


There are now several different plant assemblages originating from the Late Mesolithic, Mesolithic-Neolithic (transitional) and Early(/Middle) Neolithic layers of the sites in the Iron Gates area(c. 7400-5500 BC – Borić 2011). To a varied, but also very limited extent, they can be used to glean the availability of plant food sources and the possible components of plant-based human diets over these periods in the region. The botanical archives are, however, beset by problems such as the small size, unclear archaeological and chronological provenance, complex taphonomy and analyticalmethodological issues. This paper reviews the, so far available, evidence and highlights the associated problems delimiting the potential for integrating the datasets and the reconstruction of plant-based diets of the Iron Gates Mesolithic and Neolithic communities.


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Bioarchaeology of Ancient Europe: People, Animals and Plants in the Prehistory of Serbia 47001
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development
Society, spiritual and material culture and communications in the prehistory and early history of the Balkans 177012
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development
BIRTH – Births, mothers and babies: prehistoric fertility in the Balkans between 10000 – 5000 BC 640557
European Commission