Published January 30, 2024 | Version v1
Working paper Open

The woman's researcher tale: A Review of Bibliometric Methods and Results for Studying Gender in Science

  • 1. ROR icon University of Granada
  • 2. ROR icon Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos
  • 3. ROR icon Spanish National Research Council


In recent years there has been an increase in the research on the gender gap in academia 
using bibliometric methods and approaches. Following a snowball method to gather literature, this 
narrative literature review aims at organizing the ideas of this explosion of research in order to find 
new insights into the research of gender gap in science. We first analyze methodological elements of 
research (focusing on gender disambiguation techniques, unit of analysis and causality issues). Then 
we identify the main topics of research and classify them in three groups: differences within academia, 
causes of those differences and the main consequences they create. Lastly, we highlight the limitations 
found in the literature and propose new lines of research given each limitation, which encompass a 
need for more careful methodological approaches, the requirement of a global vision on research, 
attempting at researching a more diverse range of topics and a guideline to use certain concepts more 



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Formación de Profesorado Universitario 2021 FPU21/02320
Ministerio de Universidades