Published July 27, 2023 | Version v1
Publication Open

Analysis of the modes of operation of an electric vehicle on energy consumption

  • 1. ROR icon Technical University of Cluj-Napoca


This manuscript presents a comprehensive analysis of the modes of operation of an electric vehicle (EV) and their impact on energy consumption. The study focuses on investigating the influence of three different drivers and three distinct road inclinations on the energy efficiency of an EV via simulation in MATLAB Simulink. The objective of this research is to gain a deeper understanding of the factors that affect energy consumption in various operational scenarios, ultimately contributing to the optimization of EV performance, range, and battery state of health (SOH). The obtained results (namely battery state of charge, battery current, motor torque) were analyzed in detail to assess the patterns associated with each driver type and road inclination scenario. Statistical techniques were employed to identify significant differences in energy efficiency among the various modes of operation. Additionally, insights were gained regarding the impact of driver behavior and road inclination on the EV's energy consumption.