Conference paper Open Access

Wireless Power Transfer under the Spotlight: Charging Terminals amid Dense Cellular Networks

Bonati, Leonardo; Fernandez Gambin, Angel; Rossi, Michele

Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technology offers unprecedented opportunities to future cellular systems, making it possible to wirelessly recharge the mobile terminals as they get sufficiently close to the Base Stations (BSs). Here, we investigate the tradeoffs involved in the recharging process as multiple mobile users move across the cellular network, by systematically measuring the charging efficiency (i.e., amount of energy transferred as opposed to that transmitted) accounting for different mobility models, speeds, frequency range and inter-BS distance. We consider dense cellular deployments, where power is transferred to the mobile users through beamforming and scheduling techniques. At first, a genie is utilized to devise optimal charging schedules, where user locations and the residual energy in their batteries are exactly known by the controller. Hence, several heuristic policies are proposed and their performance is compared against that of the genie-based approach in terms of transfer efficiency and fraction of dead nodes (whose battery is completely depleted). Our numerical results reveal that: i) an even allocation of resources among users is inefficient, whereas even a rough estimate of their location allows heuristic policies to perform close to the genie-based approach, ii) mobility matters: group mobility leads to higher efficiencies and an increasing speed is also beneficial and iii) WPT can substantially reduce the number of dead nodes in the network, although this comes at the expense of constantly transmitting power and transfer efficiencies are very low under any scenario.

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