Journal article Open Access

Xenophon's parasangs

Rood, Tim

This paper analyses one aspect of Xenophon's representation of space, focussing on the famous stages-and-parasangs formula employed by Xenophon in the Anabasis. It starts by discussing the meaning of his terms, and then explores patterns of repetition and variation in his account of the march, split into three section (the marches upcountry, to the sea, and along the coast). Rather than explaining Xenophon's usage in terms of sources, it suggests that variations in the marching formula elaborate the successive stages of the Greeks' encounter with the spaces of the Achaemenid empire.

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