Book Open Access

The nature of problem solving. Using research to inspire 21st century learning

Csapó, Benő; Funke, Joachim

Solving non-routine problems is a key competence in a world full of changes, uncertainty and surprise where we strive to achieve so many ambitious goals. But the world is also full of solutions because of the extraordinary competences of humans who search for and find them. We must explore the world around us in a thoughtful way, acquire knowledge about unknown situations efficiently, and apply new and existing knowledge creatively. The Nature of Problem Solving presents the background and the main ideas behind the development of the PISA 2012 assessment of problem solving, as well as results from research collaborations that originated within the group of experts who guided the development of this assessment. It illustrates the past, present and future of problem-solving research and how this research is helping educators prepare students to navigate an increasingly uncertain, volatile and ambiguous world.

Files (3.9 MB)
Name Size
Csapo Funke eds 2017 nature of problem solving.pdf
3.9 MB Download
Views 325
Downloads 105
Data volume 407.5 MB
Unique views 321
Unique downloads 96


Cite as