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Rehabilitation of hearing impaired children in India – An update

Sulabha M, Naik; Mahendra S, Naik; Akrithi, sharma

The prevalence of deafness in India is fairly significant. It is the second most common cause of disability. Approximately 63 million people (6.3%) in India suffer from significant auditory loss.1 Rehabilitation of hearing impaired children in India remains a challenging task. Early detection and intervention are the mainstay of this initiative. This article does not purport to detail the clinical aspects and surgical management of hearing handicapped children. We discuss here the resources and options available in India for the education of deaf children and the role of the Government bodies in rehabilitation. Awareness about education and rehabilitation of hearing handicapped is low among the general public and even among the medical fraternity. This record was migrated from the OpenDepot repository service in June, 2017 before shutting down.
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  • 1) Garg S, Chadha S, Malhotra S, Agarwal AK. Deafness: burden, prevention and control in India. National Medical Journal of India. 2009 Mar-Apr;22(2):79-81 2. The Rehabilitation Council of India Act,1992, Ministry of Law, Justice & Company Affairs(1992): (No. 34 of 1992),New Delhi.(Available at- rehabcouncil.nic.in/engweb/rciact.pdf) 3. The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 Ministry of Law, Justice & Company Affairs (1996): (No. 1 of 1996),New Delhi: The Gazette of India, Page. 24(Available at-http:// socialjustice.nic.in/pwdact1995.php) 4. Jafek B.,Murrow B."ENT Secrets" Third Edition.2005.pgs 45-50.Elsevier 5. Persons with Disabilities Act, 2011 Working Draft (9 February, 2011 version) (Available at-http://socialjustice.nic.in/pdf/workdraftdd.pdf ) 6. Sourav Mukhopadhyay, Waldetrudes Sison ." Natural sign language and proficiency in learning Setswana sign language and curriculum content among students with hearingimpairment in Botswana". Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal Vol. 17 No. 1 2006,pgs 61 -72 7 Vasishta M., Woodward J, De Santis S. An Introduction to Indian Sign Language: Focus on Delhi. New Delhi: All India Federation of the Deaf, 1981 8. Ulrike Zeshan, Madan M. Vasishta, Meher Sethna."Implementation of Indian Sign Language in educational settings." Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal Vol. 16 No.1, 2005,pgs 16-40 9.Department of Higher Education. Action plan for inclusive education of children and youth with disabilities.New Delhi:Ministry of Human Resources Development.2005(Available at-http://education.nic.in/inclusive.asp) 10. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment 1983. Ali Yavar Jung National Institute of Hearing Handicapped(NIHH) (Available at-http://ayjnihh.nic.in) 11.Directorate General of Health Services. National programme for prevention and control of deafness, Project proposal. New Delhi:Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2006.(Available at - http://rehabcouncil.nic.in/projects/nppcd.htm) 12.Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Ministry of Human Resources Development .(Available at - http://ssa.nic.in/page_portletlinks?foldername=inclusive-education)

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