Journal article Open Access

The Diversification and Enhancement of an IDS Scheme for the Cybersecurity Needs of Modern Supply Chains

Deyannis, Dimitris; Papadogiannaki, Eva; Chrysos, Grigorios; Georgopoulos, Konstantinos; Ioannidis, Sotiris

Despite the tremendous socioeconomic importance of supply chains (SCs), security officers and operators are faced with no easy and integrated way for protecting their critical, and interconnected, infrastructures from cyber-attacks. As a result, solutions and methodologies that support the detection of malicious activity on SCs are constantly researched into and proposed. Hence, this work presents the implementation of a low-cost reconfigurable intrusion detection system (IDS), on the edge, that can be easily integrated into SC networks, thereby elevating the featured levels of security. Specifically, the proposed system offers real-time cybersecurity intrusion detection over highspeed networks and services by offloading elements of the security check workloads on dedicated reconfigurable hardware. Our solution uses a novel framework that implements the Aho–Corasick algorithm on the reconfigurable fabric of a multi-processor system-on-chip (MPSoC), which supports parallel matching for multiple network packet patterns. The initial performance evaluation of this proof-of-concept shows that it holds the potential to outperform existing software-based solutions while unburdening SC nodes from demanding cybersecurity check workloads. The proposed system performance and its efficiency were evaluated using a real-life environment in the context of European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, i.e., CYRENE.

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