Journal article Open Access
The corporeal presence of Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist has been a subject of controversy for many centuries. The first controversy took place in the 9th century between two Benedictine monks of Corbie in France, namely, Radbertus and Ratramnus and the second happened in the middle of 11th century between Berengar and Lanfranc. In both cases, the conflict was between a materialistic and a spiritualistic conception of the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist and its effects. Later, Scholastic theologians resolved this issue and the Council of Tent gave a final word to it. The Protestant circles had various opinions regarding the Eucharistic presence of our Lord. This academic paper traces the history of the Eucharistic Controversies.