Journal article Open Access
Amjad Quazi; Sanjeev Kumar Gupta; Paresh Rawat
with the increasing demand f the higher data rates the utilization of the MIMO system have exponentially increased in the cellular communication systems. There are many reasons due to which the performance of the MIMO systems degrades in real time. The major challenge is the any kind of noise or error in the system due to hardware issues and problems. The any kind of hardware error is called as hardware impairment in the systems. These impairments are represented by Kapa values in the systems. Paper is primarily focused to define and evaluate the impact of the hardware impairment on the system performance of MIMO. The paper first defines the basic MIMO systems antenna configurations and then the channel capacity performance is compared with and without hardware impairments. the antenna configurations depends on the number of input and output antenna in the system. As the number of antennas increases the probability of having hardware impairment also increases. This may reduce the capacity performance significantly. New channel capacity formulation is given for antenna configurations. Paper evaluated the performance under the different channel sizes on the capacity. Finally the capacity of the channel is plotted as the function of the different Signal to noise ratios. It is concluded the MIMO system performance is degraded under the presence of the hardware impairments.