Journal article Open Access
Aakash Gupta,; Ashok Kumar Gupta; Ashish Kumar
Structural Evaluation of pavements is essential to assess the structural strength of different layers of pavement. It also helps in determining the remaining life of a pavement and the thickness of overlay required. Surface Deflection is the structural response that is easy to measure and hence, commonly used parameter in structural evaluation. In the present study, an attempt has been made to develop a relationship between surface deflection and various structural parameters of pavements selected on low volume flexible rural roads in Himachal Pradesh. Benkelman Beam has been used to determine characteristic deflection on selected 12 rural road stretches in Shimla and Solan district of Himachal Pradesh. Because the conduction of Benkelman Beam Deflection (BBD) test is costly and difficult to carry out in the region of Himachal Pradesh due to hilly and narrow rural roads leading to disruption of traffic, hence, models have been developed to predict surface deflection value using Soaked CBR, Un-soaked CBR, Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) and Age of pavement from last overlay (in years). Another model has also been developed to estimate surface deflection using K-value, AADT and age of pavement. Multiple models have been developed using linear regression model. The various developed models have been studied, compared and best model is suggested supporting better coefficient of determination value and root mean square error (RMSE).