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Project deliverable Open Access

S&R Use Case 7: Chemical substances spill (Spain) - Pilot plan

Michail Chalaris; Horrillo Garcia Cristina Lorena; Susana Izquierdo; Nicolae Maruntelu; Michael Kontoulis; Iliana Malliou

In UC7, SUMMA 112 and ESDP will prepare a CBRN incident with two separate scenarios. The pilot will be allocated to The National School of Civil Protection, Rivas Vaciamadrid, between October-November 2022. This school is a specific place for the training of both intracommunity and national courses. It has several scenarios where first responders can perform a joint train ad hoc: aquatic rescue, collapsed structures, fire, explosions, CBRN incidents, transport of dangerous goods.
The main objective is to delimit the working zones according to the existing risks and toxicity levels, in order to guarantee the safety of the first responders and rescue dogs, and as well indirectly to the safety of the victims of the incident. These safety zones can change due to various circumstances, both environmental and accidental, and it is expected that these changes will be recognised by CONCORDE, and chemical sensors which will send alerts to the first responders in the area warning of new dangers.
The weather conditions expected at that time will be 65% humidity and cold temperatures (5ºC -Celsius degrees-). The first scenario will contemplate a collapsed structure of a residential building due to an earthquake grade 5,5 on the Richter scale.
A small approximation to the pilot can be as explained: initially, the six gas hazmat monitor will not detect any risk, so it will take place the rescue of two or more trapped victims under the rubble. Firefighters and K9 will work together in this scenario. Ten minutes later, the six gad hazmat monitor will alert of the presence of flammable gas and consequently, the gas leak of scenario 1 after radiating at 50 m will produce a deflagration -second scenario- (the ignition source is a sheet that was left hanging, falls to the ground and causes a spark, which as it is in contact with the propane in the ground produces the deflagration) there is the cistern. This explosion causes a break in an upper part that causes a gaseous leak of the ammonia. These details are under the simulation structure of the pilot.

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