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OSMO: Ontology for Simulation, Modelling, and Optimization

Horsch, Martin Thomas; Toti, Daniele; Chiacchiera, Silvia; Seaton, Michael A.; Todorov, Ilian T.

This work describes the ontology OSMO, i.e., an ontologization and extension of MODA, a workflow metadata standard that constitutes a mandatory requirement within a number of European calls and projects in the context of materials modelling. OSMO was developed within the Horizon 2020 project VIMMP (Virtual Materials Marketplace) and is part of a larger effort in ontology engineering driven by the European Materials Modelling Council, with the European Materials and Modelling Ontology (EMMO) as its core. As such, OSMO provides connections and alignments with other related domain ontologies in computational engineering, including the EMMO itself. This work summarizes the domain, purpose, and design choices underlying OSMO, commenting on the implementation of OSMO and its applications.

This work was funded from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme through grant agreement no. 760907, Virtual Materials Marketplace; it was facilitated by activities of the Innovation Centre for Process Data Technology (Inprodat e.V.). The co-author M.T.H. acknowledges funding from DFG project no. 441926934, NFDI4Cat, within the NFDI programme of the German Joint Science Conference (GWK).
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