Journal article Open Access
Rizwana Kousar, Maria Rubab, Muhammad Aizaz Ashraf
Objective: This study's principal purpose was to find breast cancer presentations based on clinical and pathological characteristics.
Place and duration of study: This study was performed in Jinnah hospital, Lahore, for nine months from May 2018 to December 2018.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 breast cancer patients were selected in the trial in which either the surgery or chemotherapy was performed. All relevant investigations were carried out, and triple evaluations were carried out. New receptors were also evaluated in ER, PR HER2. All patients or their relatives received informed consent. The approval of the Ethical Committee was taken. Data were collected from a pre-designed survey.
Results: A total of 500 patients with a median age ranging from 25 to 80 years were selected. In patients from age 40 to 50, the highest incidence of breast cancer was observed (57%). Advanced tumors in stage III and IV were observed in 64 percent of the patients. The most common type observed was invasive 93 percent ductal carcinoma. In the majority of patients, about 55% of histopathological Grade II tumors were observed.
Conclusion: Our study shows that the highest incidence of breast cancer is seen in 40 to 50 years of age, and invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common, and cases of the advanced-stage disease are more frequent.
Keywords: invasive ductal carcinoma, prevalence, Breast carcinoma